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List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa

Related subjects: African Geography

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This is a list of African countries and dependencies, including the respective capitals, languages, currencies, population, area and GDP per capita (dependencies are listed with a blue background).

Africa is the world's second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. At about 30,221,532 km² (11,668,545 sq mi) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of the Earth's total surface area, and 20.4% of the total land area. With more than 900 million people (as of 2005) in 61 territories, it accounts for about 14% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Name (official name) Flag Capital Currency Languages Area (km²) Population GDP per capita (PPP) Map
Algeria (People's Democratic Republic of Algeria) Algeria Algiers Algerian dinar Arabic 2,381,740 33,333,216 $7,700 3LocationAlgeria.svg
Angola (Republic of Angola) Angola Luanda Kwanza Portuguese 1,246,700 15,941,000 $2,813 40LocationAngola.svg
Benin (Republic of Benin) Benin Porto Novo West African CFA franc French 112,622 8,439,000 $1,176 24LocationBenin.svg
Botswana (Republic of Botswana) Botswana Gaborone Pula English, Tswana 581,726 1,639,833 $11,400 46LocationBotswana.svg
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Ouagadougou West African CFA franc French 274,000 13,228,000 $1,284 21LocationBurkinaFaso.svg
Burundi (Republic of Burundi) Burundi Bujumbura Burundi franc Kirundi, French 27,830 7,548,000 $739 38LocationBurundi.svg
Cameroon (Republic of Cameroon) Cameroon Yaoundé Central African CFA franc French, English 475,442 17,795,000 $2,421 26LocationCameroon.svg
Canary Islands Canary Islands Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife Euro Spanish 7,447 1,995,833 N/A 6Localización de Canarias.png
Cape Verde (Republic of Cape Verde) Cape Verde Praia Cape Verdean escudo Portuguese 4,033 420,979 $6,418 14aLocationCapeVerde.svg
Central African Republic (Central African Republic) Central African Republic Bangui Central African CFA franc Sango, French 622,984 4,216,666 $1,198 27LocationCentralAfricanRepublic.svg
Ceuta Ceuta Ceuta Euro Spanish 28 76,861 N/A 2aLocalización Ceuta.png
Chad (Republic of Chad) Chad N'Djamena Central African CFA franc French, Arabic 1,284,000 10,146,000 $1,519 11LocationChad.svg
Comoros (Union of the Comoros) Comoros Moroni Comorian franc Comorian, Arabic, French 2,235 798,000 $1,660 43aLocationComoros.svg
Côte d'Ivoire (Republic of Côte d'Ivoire) Ivory Coast Yamoussoukro
West African CFA franc French 322,460 17,654,843 $1,600 20LocationCotedIvoire.svg
Democratic Republic of the Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa Congolese franc French 2,344,858 63,655,000 $774 34LocationDRCongo.svg
Djibouti (Republic of Djibouti) Djibouti Djibouti Djiboutian Franc Arabic, French 23,200 496,374 $2,070 29LocationDjibouti.svg
Egypt (Arab Republic of Egypt) Egypt Cairo Egyptian Pound Arabic 1,001,449 80,335,036 $4,836 5LocationEgypt.svg
Equatorial Guinea (Republic of Equatorial Guinea) Equatorial Guinea Malabo Central African CFA franc Spanish, French, Portuguese 28,051 504,000 $50,200 31LocationEquatorialGuinea.svg
Eritrea (State of Eritrea) Eritrea Asmara Nakfa None at national level 117,600 4,401,000 $1,000 13LocationEritrea.svg
Ethiopia (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia) Ethiopia Addis Ababa Birr Amharic 1,104,300 75,067,000 $823 28LocationEthiopia.svg
Gabon (Gabonese Republic) Gabon Libreville Central African CFA franc French 267,668 1,384,000 $7,055 32LocationGabon.svg
Gambia (Republic of The Gambia) The Gambia Banjul Dalasi English 10,380 1,517,000 $2002 15LocationGambia.svg
Ghana (Republic of Ghana) Ghana Accra Ghanaian cedi English 238,534 23,000,000 $2,700 22LocationGhana.svg
Guinea (Republic of Guinea) Guinea Conakry Guinean franc French 245,857 9,402,000 $2,035 17 LocationGuinea.svg
Guinea-Bissau (Republic of Guinea-Bissau) Guinea-Bissau Bissau West African CFA franc Portuguese 36,125 1,586,000 $736 16LocationGuineaBissau.svg
Kenya (Republic of Kenya) Kenya Nairobi Kenyan shilling Swahili, English 580,367 34,707,817 $1,445 36LocationKenya.svg
Lesotho (Kingdom of Lesotho) Lesotho Maseru Loti Sesotho, English 30,355 1,795,000 $2,113 49LocationLesotho.svg
Liberia (Republic of Liberia) Liberia Monrovia Liberian dollar English 111,369 3,283,000 $1,003 19LocationLiberia.svg
Libya (Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya) Libya Tripoli Libyan dinar Arabic 1,759,540 6,036,914 $12,700 4LocationLibya.svg
Madagascar (Republic of Madagascar) Madagascar Antananarivo Malagasy ariary Malagasy, French, English 587,041 18,606,000 $905 44 LocationMadagascar.svg
Madeira Madeira Funchal Euro Portuguese 828 245,806 N/A 1LocationMadeira.png
Malawi (Republic of Malawi) Malawi Lilongwe Malawian kwacha English, Chichewa 118,484 12,884,000 $596 42LocationMalawi.svg
Mali (Republic of Mali) Mali Bamako West African CFA franc French 1,240,192 13,518,000 $1,154 9 LocationMali.svg
Mauritania (Islamic Republic of Mauritania) Mauritania Nouakchott Mauritanian ouguiya Arabic, French 1,030,700 3,069,000 $2,402 8LocationMauritania.svg
Mauritius (Republic of Mauritius) Mauritius Port Louis Mauritian rupee English 2,040 1,219,220 $13,703 44aLocationMauritius.png
Mayotte Mayotte Mamoudzou Euro French 374 186,452 2,600 43bLocationMayotte.png
Melilla (Autonomous City of Melilla) Melilla N/A Euro Spanish 20 72,000 N/A 2bLocalización Melilla.png
Morocco (Kingdom of Morocco) Morocco Rabat Moroccan dirham Arabic, French 446,550 33,757,175 $4,600 2LocationMorocco.svg
Mozambique (Republic of Mozambique) Mozambique Maputo Mozambican metical Portuguese 801,590 20,366,795 $1,389 43LocationMozambique.svg
Namibia (Republic of Namibia) Namibia Windhoek Namibian dollar English 825,418 2,031,000 $7,478 45LocationNamibia.svg
Niger ( Republic of Niger) Niger Niamey West African CFA franc French 1,267,000 13,957,000 $872 10LocationNiger.svg
Nigeria (Federal Republic of Nigeria) Nigeria Abuja Nigerian naira English 923,768 133,530,000 $1,188 25LocationNigeria.svg
Republic of the Congo (Republic of the Congo) Republic of the Congo Brazzaville Central African CFA franc French 342,000 3,999,000 $1,369 33LocationRCongo.PNG
Réunion Réunion Saint-Denis Euro French 2,512 793,000 N/A 44b LocationReunion.svg
Rwanda (Republic of Rwanda) Rwanda Kigali Rwandan franc Kinyarwanda, French, English 26,798 7,600,000 $1,300 37LocationRwanda.svg
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Western Sahara El Aaiún (Moroccan), Bir Lehlou (temporary) Moroccan dirham Arabic 267,405 266,000 N/A 7Edmund WS.PNG
Saint Helena Saint Helena Jamestown Saint Helenian pound English 3,926 420 N/A 40bLocationSaintHelena.png
São Tomé and Príncipe (Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe) São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé São Tomé and Príncipe Dobra Portuguese 964 157,000 $1,266 31aLocationSaoTomeAndPrincipe.png
Senegal (Republic of Senegal) Senegal Dakar West African CFA franc French 196,723 11,658,000 $1,759 14 LocationSenegal.svg
Seychelles (Republic of Seychelles) Seychelles Victoria Seychellois rupee English, French, Seychellois Creole 451 80,654 $11,818 39a LocationSeychelles.png
Sierra Leone (Republic of Sierra Leone) Sierra Leone Freetown Leone English 71,740 6,144,562 $903 18LocationSierraLeone.svg
Somalia (Somali Republic) Somalia Mogadishu Somali shilling Somali 637,661 17,700,000 $2,941 30LocationSomalia.svg
South Africa (Republic of South Africa) South Africa Pretoria (executive)
Bloemfontein (judicial)
Cape Town (legislative)
South African rand Afrikaans, English, Southern Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu 1,221,037 47,432,000 $12,161 48LocationSouthAfrica.svg
Sudan (Republic of Sudan) Sudan Khartoum Sudanese pound Arabic, English 2,505,813 36,992,490 $2,522 12LocationSudan.svg
Swaziland (Kingdom of Swaziland) Swaziland Lobamba (royal and legislative)
Mbabane (administrative)
Lilangeni English, Swati 17,364 1,032,000 $5,245 50LocationSwaziland.svg
Tanzania (United Republic of Tanzania) Tanzania Dar es Salaam (traditional capital)
Dodoma (legislative)
Tanzanian shilling Swahili 945,087 37,849,133 $723 39LocationTanzania.svg
Togo (Togolese Republic) Togo Lomé West African CFA franc French 56,785 6,100,000 $1,700 23LocationTogo.svg
Tunisia (Tunisian Republic) Tunisia Tunis Tunisian dinar Arabic 163,610 10,102,000 $8,800 3LocationTunisia.svg
Uganda ( Republic of Uganda) Uganda Kampala Ugandan shilling English, Swahili 236,040 27,616,000 $1,700 35LocationUganda.svg
Zambia (Republic of Zambia) Zambia Lusaka Zambian kwacha English 752,614 11,668,000 $931 41LocationZambia.svg
Zimbabwe (Republic of Zimbabwe) Zimbabwe Harare Zimbabwean dollar English 390,757 13,010,000 $2,607 47LocationZimbabwe.svg
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