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Subject Index / Countries / Europe

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Europe is included as one of the world's seven continents, but it is really a peninsula of Eurasia. The borders for Europe are somewhat arbitrary, and the term continent can refer to a political distinction or a physiographic one. Western culture derives from Europe. European nations played a predominant role in global affairs from the 16th century onwards, especially after the beginning of Colonialism. By the mid 17th century, European nations controlled most of Africa, the Americas, and large portions of Asia. Destruction during World War I and World War II, which were largely European Wars, led to a decline in European dominance in world affairs and the United States and Soviet Union took over as global powers.

Albania Andorra Armenia
Austria Azerbaijan Belarus
Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria
Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic
Czechoslovakia Denmark Estonia
Finland France Georgia (country)
Germany Greece Hungary
Iceland Ireland Italy
Kosovo Latvia Liechtenstein
Lithuania Luxembourg Malta
Moldova Monaco Montenegro
Netherlands Northern Cyprus Norway
Poland Portugal Republic of Ireland
Republic of Macedonia Romania Russia
San Marino Serbia Serbia and Montenegro
Slovakia Slovenia South Ossetia
Spain Sweden Switzerland
Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom
Vatican City Åland Islands Éire
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