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Subject Index / Countries / Africa

Background Information

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After Asia, Africa is the world's second biggest largest continent. It is also second largest in terms of population. Africa covers about 6% of the total surface of the planet. There are about 922 million people (as of 2005), including nearby islands. Africa is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to the northeast, and the Indian Ocean to the southeast. There are 53 countries, including all the island groups and Madagascar.

Algeria Angola Benin
Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi
Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic
Chad Comoros Democratic Republic of the Congo
Djibouti Egypt Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon
Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau
Ivory Coast Kenya Lesotho
Liberia Libya Madagascar
Malawi Mali Mauritania
Mauritius Morocco Mozambique
Namibia Niger Nigeria
Republic of the Congo Rwanda Réunion
Saint Helena Senegal Seychelles
Sierra Leone Somalia Somaliland
South Africa South Sudan Sudan
Swaziland Syria São Tomé and Príncipe
Tanzania The Gambia Togo
Tunisia Uganda Western Sahara
Zambia Zimbabwe
Wikipedia for Schools is a selection taken from the original English-language Wikipedia by the child sponsorship charity . It was created as a checked and child-friendly teaching resource for use in schools in the developing world and beyond.Sources and authors can be found at See also our Disclaimer.