Geography of Guinea-Bissau
This article describes the geography of Guinea-Bissau.
The climate in Guinea-Bissau is tropical. This means it is generally hot and humid. It has a monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds and a dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds.
Guinea-Bissau is warm all year around and there is little temperature fluctuation; it averages 26.3 °C (79.3 °F). The average rainfall for Bissau is 2,024 millimetres (79.7 in) although this is almost entirely accounted for during the rainy season which falls between June and September/October. From December through April, the country experiences drought.
Terrain and ecology
The terrain of Guinea-Bissau is mostly low coastal plain with swamps of Guinean mangroves rising to Guinean forest-savanna mosaic in the east.
The lowest point on Guinea-Bissau is at sea level at the Atlantic Ocean . The highest point on Guinea-Bissau is 300 metres above sea level at an unnamed location in the northeast corner of the country .
Natural resources found in Guinea-Bissau include fish, timber, phosphates, bauxite, clay, granite, limestone and unexploited deposits of petroleum . 8.31% of the land is arable and 250 square kilometres is irrigated. Natural hazards include a hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze that may reduce visibility during the dry season and brush fires . Severe environmental issues include deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing and overfishing .
Information from the CIA World Factbook
- Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Senegal
- Geographic coordinates
- Map references
- Total: 36,120 km²
- Land: 28,000 km²
- Water: 8,120 km²
- Slightly less than three times the size of Connecticut
- Land boundaries
- Total: 724 km
- Border countries: Guinea 386 km, Senegal 338 km
- 350 km
- Maritime claims
- Exclusive economic zone: 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi)
- Territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi)
- Mostly low coastal plain rising to savanna in east
- Elevation extremes
- Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
- Highest point: Unnamed location in the northeast corner of the country 300 m
- Natural resources
- Fish, timber, phosphates, bauxite, unexploited deposits of petroleum
- Land use
- Arable land: 11%
- Permanent crops: 1%
- Permanent pastures: 38%
- Forests and woodland: 38%
- Other: 12% (1993 est.)
- Irrigated land
- 17 km² (1993 est.)
- Natural hazards
- Hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season; brush fires
- Environment—current issues
- Deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; overfishing
- Environment—international agreements
- Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Wetlands
- Signed, but not ratified: None of the selected agreements