Bass (fish)

2008/9 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: Insects, Reptiles and Fish

Striped bass (Morone saxatilis)
Striped bass (Morone saxatilis)
Largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides)
Largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides)

Bass (pronounced /ˈbæs/) is a name shared by many different species of popular gamefish. The term encompasses both freshwater and marine species, many of which are native to North America and surrounding waters. All belong to the large order Perciformes, or perch-like fishes, and in fact the word bass comes from Middle English bars, meaning "perch." These are some of the best known species of bass:

  • The temperate basses, such as the striped bass (Morone saxatilis) and white bass (M. chrysops), belonging to the family Moronidae.
  • The black basses, such as the largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides), smallmouth bass (M. dolomieu), spotted bass (M. punctulatus), and Guadalupe bass (M. treculii), belonging to the sunfish family, Centrarchidae.

Many other species are also known as basses, including:

  • The Australian bass, Macquaria novemaculeata, a member of the temperate perch family, Percichthyidae.
  • The black sea bass, Centropristis striata, a member of the sea bass and sea grouper family, Serranidae.
  • The giant sea bass Stereolepis gigas, also known as the black sea bass, a member of the wreckfish family, Polyprionidae.
  • The Chilean sea bass, Dissostichus eleginoides, more commonly known as the Patagonian toothfish, a member of the cod icefish family, Nototheniidae.
  • The European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax, a member of the temperate bass family, Moronidae.
  • The Largemouth bass, Micropterus salmoides, a member of the sunfish family Centrarchidae.
  • The Smallmouth bass, Micropterus dolomieui, a member of the sunfish family Centrarchidae.
  • The Striped bass, Morone saxatilis, a member of the temperate bass family, Moronidae.
  • The Spotted bass, Micropterus punctulatus, a member of the sunfish family Centrarchidae.
In some other languages, bass is known as:
Language Term(s)
Portuguese Achegã, Robalo
Spanish Lubina, Mojarra
Catalan Llobarro, Llop
French Bar, Loup, Achigan
French Midi Loupassou
Dutch Baars, Zeebaars
German Barsch, Seebarsch
Swedish Havsabborre
Greek Lavráki
Italian Spigola, Spinola, Branzino
Tunisian Arabic Qarous
Turkish Levrek
Venezuelan Pavón
Danish Bars
Russian Окунь (Okun')

Retrieved from " http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bass_(fish)"
This Wikipedia DVD Selection is sponsored by SOS Children , and consists of a hand selection from the English Wikipedia articles with only minor deletions (see www.wikipedia.org for details of authors and sources). The articles are available under the GNU Free Documentation License. See also our Disclaimer. This article was sourced from http://en.wikipedia.org/?oldid=219409302 .