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|Centuries:||19th century – 20th century – 21st century|
|Decades:||1890s 1900s 1910s – 1920s – 1930s 1940s 1950s|
|Years:||1919 1920 1921 – 1922 – 1923 1924 1925|
|1922 by topic|
|Subject: Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Aviation – Comics – Film – Literature ( Poetry) – Meteorology – Music ( Country) – Rail transport – Radio – Science – Sports – Television|
|Countries: Australia – Canada – China – Ecuador – France – Germany – Greece – India – Ireland – Italy – Japan – Malaysia – Mexico – New Zealand – Norway – Palestine Mandate – Philippines - Russia – Singapore – South Africa– Soviet Union – UK – USA|
|Leaders: Sovereign states – State leaders – Religious leaders – Law|
|Categories: Births – Deaths – Works – Introductions – Establishments – Disestablishments – Awards|
Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.
Events of 1922
- January 7 - Dáil Éireann, the extra-legal parliament of the Irish Republic, ratifies the Anglo-Irish Treaty by 64-57 votes.
- January 8 - The Social Democratic Youth League of Norway is founded.
- January 10 - Arthur Griffith is elected President of Dáil Éireann.
- January 11 - First successful insulin treatment of diabetes.
- January 12 - British government releases remaining Irish prisoners captured in the War of Independence.
- January 13 - Flu epidemic has claimed 804 victims in Britain.
- January 15 - Michael Collins becomes Chairman of the Irish Provisional Government.
- January 22 - Pope Benedict XV dies.
- January 24 - Christian K. Nelson patents the Eskimo Pie.
- January 29 - Union of Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador is dissolved
- February - Ring Magazine is first published.
- February 1 - William Desmond Taylor was murdered.
- February 2 - Ulysses (novel) by James Joyce is published in Paris on his fortieth birthday by Sylvia Beach.
- February 5 - DeWitt and Lila Wallace publish the first issue of Reader's Digest.
- February 6
- February 8
- February 14 - Finnish Minister of the Interior Heikki Ritavuori is assassinated by Ernst Tandefelt.
- February 25 - Murderer Henri Désiré Landru is beheaded by the guillotine.
- February 27 - A challenge to the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, allowing women the right to vote, is rebuffed by the Supreme Court of the United States.
- February 28 - The United Kingdom accepts the independence of Egypt.
- March 1
- Ice mass breaks the Oder Dam in Breslau
- The British Civil Aviation Authority is established.
- March 11 - Mohandas Gandhi is arrested in Bombay for sedition
- March 13 - HRH Prince of Wales Edward VIII inaugurates the Prince of Wales Royal Indian Military College in Dehradun, India marking a capitulation of the British Empire to growing pressure for Indianization of the Officer Cadre of the British Indian Army
- March 15 - Egypt having gained nominal independence from the United Kingdom, Fuad I becomes King of Egypt.
- March 18 - In India, Mohandas Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for sedition. He would serve only two years.
- March 20 - The USS Langley is commissioned as the first United States Navy aircraft carrier.
- March 23 - Queensland, Australia abolishes Legislative Council (Upper House).
- April 3 - Josef Stalin was appointed General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party.
- April 7
- April 10 - The historic Genoa Conference commences in Genoa. The representatives of 34 countries convened to speak about monetary economics in the wake of World War I.
- April 13 - State of Massachusetts opens all public offices to women
- April 15 - England's Prince of Wales visits Japanese paramilitary youth group Seinendan in annexed Korea.
- April 16 - The Treaty of Rapallo marks rapprochement between the Weimar Republic and Bolshevik Russia.
- April 22 - Lambda Chapter of Joe Whelan Sorority, Incorporated was chartered. It is the first chapter of a black sorority in New York State.
- May 5 - In The Bronx, construction begins on Yankee Stadium.
- May 11 - KGU begins broadcasting in Hawaii.
- May 12 - 20-ton meteorite lands near Blackstone, Virginia, USA
- May 19 - Young Pioneer organization of the Soviet Union is established.
- May 29 - British Liberal MP Dan Gallant jailed for 7 years for fraud
- May 30 - In Washington, D.C., the Lincoln Memorial is dedicated.
- June 1
- Official foundation of the Royal Ulster Constabulary.
- Bolshevik forces defeat Basmachi troops under Enver Pasha
- June 14 - U.S. President Warren G. Harding makes first speech on the radio.
- June 22 - Irish Republican Army agents assassinate British field marshal Henry Hughes Wilson in Belgravia; assassins are sentenced to death July 18.
- June 24 - Assassination of Weimar Republic foreign minister Walter Rathenau - murderers are captured July 17
- June 26 - Louis Honouré Charles Antoine Grimaldi becomes Reigning Prince Louis II of Monaco.
- June 28 - The Irish Civil War begins
- July 11 - The Hollywood Bowl opens.
- August 22 - General Michael Collins is assassinated in west Cork.
- August 23 - Revolt against the Spanish in Morocco
- August 28 - Japan agrees to withdraw its troops from Siberia
- September 9 - Turkish forces pursuing withdrawing Greek troops enter İzmir
- September 11 - One of the Herald Sun of Melbourne, Australia's predecessor papers The Sun News-Pictorial is founded.
- September 13 - Gdynia Seaport Construction Act passed by the Polish parliament.
- September 13 - 15 - Fire, probably started by Turkish troops, destroys most of Smyrna. Death toll estimated 100,000
- September 18 - Hungary joins the League of Nations
- September 22 - Mandate of Palestine approved by the Council of the League of Nations.
- October 9 - Sir William Horwood, London Metropolitan Police Service commissioner is poisoned by arsenic-filled chocolates
- October 23 - German army occupies Saxony and crushes Soviet Republic of Saxony
- October 25 - The Third Dáil enacts the Constitution of the Irish Free State.
- October 28
- October 31 - Benito Mussolini becomes the youngest Premier in the history of Italy.
- November 1
- November 5 - In Egypt, British archaeologist Howard Carter and his men find the entrance to King Tutankhamen's tomb in the Valley of the Kings.
- November 12 - Sigma Gamma Rho (ΣΓΡ) Sorority, Incorporated was founded on November 12, 1922, by seven educators in Indianapolis, Indiana. The group became an incorporated national collegiate sorority on December 30, 1929, when a charter was granted to Alpha chapter at Butler University in Indianapolis, Indiana.
- November 14 - The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) begins radio service in the United Kingdom. 2LO became the first radio station in the United Kingdom.
- November 15 - In the United Kingdom general election forced by the Conservatives' withdrawal from the coalition government, the Conservative Party wins an overall majority.
(The 1922 Committee, popularly believed to take its name from this occasion, was not founded until the following year.)
- November 17 - Former Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI leaves for exile in Italy.
- November 18 - Marcel Proust, author of In Search of Lost Time, dies.
- November 19 - Abdul Mejid II, Crown Prince of the Ottoman Empire is elected Caliph.
- November 21 - Rebecca Felton of Georgia takes the oath of office, becoming the first woman United States Senator.
- November 24 - Popular author and Irish Republican Army member Robert Erskine Childers is executed by an Irish Free State firing squad for illegally carrying a revolver.
- November 26 - Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon become the first people to enter the tomb of Egyptian King Tutankhamun in over 3000 years.
- December 5 - British parliament enacts the Irish Free State Constitution Act, by which it legally sanctions the new Constitution of the Irish Free State.
- December 6 - The Irish Free State officially comes into existence. George V becomes the Free State's monarch. Tim Healy is appointed first Governor-General of the Irish Free State and W. T. Cosgrave becomes President of the Executive Council.
- December 16 - Assassination of Gabriel Narutowicz, the president of Poland
- December 30 - Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and the Transcaucasia come together to form the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
- Earl W. Bascom, rodeo cowboy and artist, designs and makes rodeo's first hornless bronc saddle at Lethbridge, Alberta Canada
- Invention of Vegemite by Australian Fred Walker
- Kurd Istigdul Djemijetin, the Kurdish Independence Committee, founded
- Molly Pitcher Club formed to promote the repeal of prohibition in United States
- Thompson Webb founds Webb School for Boys.
- Extinction of the Barbary Lion in the wild, with the last killed in Morocco, in the area of Zelan and Beni Mguild Forests .
- The Amur Tiger became extinct in South Korea by this date .
|Ab urbe condita||2675|
|British Regnal year||11 Geo. 5 – 12 Geo. 5|
|Chinese calendar|| 辛酉年十二月初四日
— to —壬戌年十一月十四日
|- Vikram Samvat||1978–1979|
|- Shaka Samvat||1844–1845|
|- Kali Yuga||5023–5024|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||922–923|
|Japanese calendar|| Taishō 11
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 11
|Thai solar calendar||2465|
- January 1 - Ernest "Fritz" Hollings, U.S. Senator from South Carolina
- January 7 - Jean-Pierre Rampal, French flutist (d. 2000)
- January 9 - Har Gobind Khorana, Indian biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- January 12 - Tadeusz Żychiewicz, Polish journalist, art historian and publicist (d. 1994)
- January 13 - Albert Lamorisse, French film director (d. 1970)
- January 16 - Ernesto Bonino, Italian singer
- January 17
- Nicholas Katzenbach, American politician
- Betty White, American television actress
- January 19 - Guy Madison, American actor (d. 1996)
- January 21 - Telly Savalas, American actor (d. 1994)
- January 21 - Paul Scofield, English actor (d. 2008)
- January 22
- Leonel Brizola, Brazilian politician
- Howard Moss, American poet, dramatist, and critic (d. 1987)
- January 24 - Charles Socarides, American psychiatrist (d. 2005)
- January 28 - Robert W. Holley, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1993)
- January 30 - Dick Martin, American comedian
- February 1 - Renata Tebaldi, Italian soprano (d. 2004)
- February 2 - Stoyanka Mutafova - Bulgarian actress
- February 6
- Patrick Macnee, British actor
- Bill Johnston, Australian cricketer
- Denis Norden, British television and radio scriptwriter and personality
- February 9 - Kathryn Grayson, American actress
- February 12 - Tun Hussein Onn, third Prime Minister of Malaysia (d. 1990)
- February 13 - Gordon Tullock, American economist
- February 15 - John Bayard Anderson, U.S Congressman and Presidential candidate
- February 17
- February 18 - Helen Gurley Brown, American editor and publisher
- February 24
- Richard Hamilton, British painter
- Steven Hill, American actor
- February 26
- William Baumol, American economist
- Margaret Leighton, British actress
- March 1
- March 4
- March 5 - Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian film director (d. 1975)
- March 8
- Cyd Charisse, American actress and dancer (d. 2008)
- Mizuki Shigeru, Japanese author
- Ralph H. Baer, German-born American inventor
- March 9 - Tommy Cooper, Welsh comedian and magician (d. 1984)
- March 11 - Tun Abdul Razak, second Prime Minister of Malaysia (d. 1976)
- March 12
- March 16 - Harding Lemay, American television scriptwriter and playwright
- March 17 - Patrick Suppes, American philosopher
- March 18 - Egon Bahr, German politician
- March 20 - Carl Reiner, American film director, producer, actor, and comedian
- March 21
- March 27 - Stefan Wul, French writer (d. 2003)
- March 28
- March 31 - Richard Kiley, American actor and singer (d. 1999)
- April 1 - William Manchester, American writer (d. 2004)
- April 3 - Maurice Riel, Canadian senator
- April 4 - Elmer Bernstein, American composer (d. 2004)
- April 5
- Tom Finney, English footballer
- Christopher Hewett, British actor (d. 2001)
- Gale Storm, American singer and actress
- April 7 - Mongo Santamaria, Cuban jazz musician (d. 2003)
- April 13 - Julius Nyerere, President of Tanzania (d. 1999)
- April 16 - Kingsley Amis, English novelist (d. 1995)
- April 16 - Leo Tindemans, former Belgian Prime Minister
- April 22 - Charles Mingus, American musician (d. 1979)
- April 28 - Alistair MacLean, Scottish writer (d. 1987)
- May 4 - Eugenie Clark, American marine biologist known as the "Shark Lady"
- May 7
- May 10 - Nancy Walker, American movie and television actress (d. 1992)
- May 11 - Ameurfina Melencio-Herrera, Filipino Supreme Court jurist
- May 14 - Franjo Tuđman, President of Croatia (d. 1999)
- May 15 - Jakucho Setouchi, Japanese writer and Buddhist nun
- May 18
- May 21 - James Lopez Watson, American judge (d. 2001)
- May 22 - Quinn Martin, American television producer (d. 1987)
- May 25 - Enrico Berlinguer, Italian politician (d. 1984)
- May 27 - Christopher Lee, English actor
- May 28 - Lou Duva, American boxing trainer
- May 29 - Iannis Xenakis, Greek composer (d. 2001)
- May 30 - Hal Clement, American writer (d. 2003)
- May 31 - Denholm Elliott, English actor (d. 1992)
- June 1 - Povel Ramel, Swedish musician
- June 2 - Charlie Sifford, American golfer
- June 10 - Judy Garland, American singer and actress (d. 1969)
- June 18 - Claude Helffer, French pianist (d. 2004)
- June 19 - Aage Niels Bohr, Danish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- June 22 - Mona Lisa, Filipino actress
- June 24 - Tata Giacobetti, Italian singer and lyricist ( Quartetto Cetra) (d. 1988)
- June 29 - Vasko Popa, Yugoslavian poet (d. 1991)
- July 15 - Leon M. Lederman, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- July 18 - Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher of science (d. 1996)
- July 19 - Tuanku Jaafar ibni Almarhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman, King of Malaysia
- July 31 - Bill Kaysing, American writer
- August 3 - Robert Sumner, American evangelist and author
- August 15 - Lukas Foss, German-born composer
- August 17 - Agostinho Neto, Angolan politician (d. 1979)
- August 22 - Sosuke Uno, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1998)
- August 23 - George Kell, baseball player
- August 24 - René Lévesque, 23rd Premier of Quebec and Howard Zinn, social activist and historian.
- September 1
- September 3
- September 8 - Sid Caesar, American actor and comedian
- September 9 - Hans Georg Dehmelt, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- September 10 - Yma Súmac, Peruvian singer
- September 12 - Jackson Mac Low, American poet (d. 2004)
- September 15 - Jackie Cooper, American actor and director
- September 22 - Chen Ning Yang, Chinese-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- September 24 - Floyd Levin, American-born musicologist
- September 25 - Hammer DeRoburt, first President of Nauru (d. 1992)
- October 1 - Burke Marshall, American lawyer and politician (d. 2003)
- October 5 - José Froilán González, Argentine race car driver
- October 15 - Luigi Giussani, Italian Catholic priest (d. 2005)
- October 19 - Jack Anderson, American journalist (d. 2005)
- October 22 - John Chafee, American politician (d. 1999)
- October 23 - Cameron Sharp, Canadian Citizen
- October 27 - Poul Bundgaard, Danish actor and singer (d. 1998)
- October 31 - Barbara Bel Geddes, American actress (d. 2005)
- November 8 - Christiaan Barnard, South African surgeon (d. 2001)
- November 9
- November 11 - Kurt Vonnegut, American novelist (d. 2007)
- November 14
- Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Egyptian Secretary General of the United Nations
- Veronica Lake, American actress (d. 1973)
- November 16
- November 17 - Stanley Cohen, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- November 19 - Yuri Knorozov, Russian linguist and epigrapher (d. 1999)
- November 23 - Donald Tennant, American advertising agency executive (d. 2001)
- November 26 - Charles M. Schulz, American cartoonist (d. 2000)
- December 9 - Redd Foxx, American comedian and star of the television show Sanford and Son
- December 11 - Dilip Kumar, Indian actor
- December 14 - Nikolay Basov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2001)
- December 17 - Alan Voorhees, American engineer and urban planner (d. 2005)
- December 20 - Charita Bauer, American actress/Soap opera star (d. 1985)
- December 22 - Jack Brooks, American politician
- December 23 - Micheline Ostermeyer, French athlete and musician (d. 2001)
- December 24 - Ava Gardner, American actress (d. 1990)
- December 28 - Stan Lee, American comics creator
- December 29 - William Gaddis, American writer (d. 1998)
- January 5 - Ernest Shackleton, Irish explorer (b. 1874)
- January 10 - Okuma Shigenobu, 8th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1838)
- January 22
- January 23 - Arthur Nikisch, Hungarian conductor (b. 1855)
- January 27
- February 1
- February 3 - John Butler Yeats, Northern Irish artist (b. 1839)
- February 14 - Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish Minister of Interior (b. 1880)
- March 1 - Rafael Moreno Aranzadi, Spanish footballer (b. 1892)
- March 24 - Walter Parr, British preacher (b. 1871)
- April 1 - Emperor Karl I of Austria (b. 1887)
- April 2 - Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychiatrist (b. 1884)
- May 7 - Max Wagenknecht, German composer (b. 1857)
- May 18 - Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1845)
- May 19 - Son, Byong-Hi, Korean activist (b. 1861)
- June 4 - William Halse Rivers Rivers, English doctor (b. 1864)
- June 6 - Lillian Russell, American singer and actress (b. 1861)
- June 18 - Jacobus Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer (b. 1851)
- June 26 - Albert I of Monaco (b. 1848)
- July 20 - Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician (b. 1856)
- August 2 - Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-born inventor (b. 1847)
- August 5 - Harry Boland, Irish republican (b. 1887)
- August 12 - Arthur Griffith, President of Ireland (b. 1872)
- August 14 - Alfred Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe, newspaper magnate (b. 1865)
- August 22 - Michael Collins, Irish leader (killed in ambush) (b. 1890)
- September 4 - Sarah L. Winchester, American builder of the Winchester Mystery House (b. 1837)
- September 10 - Wilfrid Scawen Blunt, poet (b. 1840)
- September 26 - Thomas E. Watson, American politician and senator (b. 1856)
- October 7 - Marie Lloyd, English singer (b. 1870)
- October 30 - Géza Gárdonyi, Hungarian author (b. 1863)
- November 7 - Sam Thompson, baseball player (b. 1860)
- November 23 - Eduard Seler, Prussian scholar and Mesoamericanist (b. 1849)
- November 24 - Robert Erskine Childers, novelist and Irish nationalist (executed) (b. 1870)
- December 16 - Gabriel Narutowicz, President of Poland (b. 1865)
- The California grizzly bear became extinct this year.
- Physics - Niels Henrik David Bohr
- Chemistry - Francis William Aston
- Physiology or Medicine - Archibald Vivian Hill, Otto Fritz Meyerhof
- Literature - Jacinto Benavente
- Peace - Fridtjof Nansen
- List of ship commissionings in 1922
- List of ship decommissionings in 1922
- List of shipwrecks in 1922