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The articles in this Schools selection have been arranged by curriculum topic thanks to SOS Children volunteers. See http://www.soschildren.org/sponsor-a-child to find out about child sponsorship.
|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1850s 1860s 1870s – 1880s – 1890s 1900s 1910s|
|Years:||1882 1883 1884 – 1885 – 1886 1887 1888|
Year 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1885
January - March
- Chile's Matrimony and Civil Registry laws come into effect.
- January 4 - The first successful appendectomy is performed by Dr. William W. Grant on Mary Gartside.
- January 20 - L.A. Thompson patents the roller coaster.
- January 26 - Troops loyal to the Mahdi Muhammad Ahmad conquer Khartoum
- February 5 - King Léopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo Free State as a personal possession.
- February 7 - The play La vida alegre y muerte triste by dramatist José Echegaray opens.
- February 9 - The first Japanese arrive in Hawaii.
- February 21 - US president Chester A. Arthur dedicates the Washington Monument
- February 23 - British executioner fails to hang John 'Babbacombe' Lee, sentenced for the murder of Emma Keyse. Sentence is commuted to life imprisonment
- February 26 - Final Act of the Berlin Conference regulates European colonization and trade in Africa.
- February 28 - The month concludes without having a full moon.
- March-May - North-West Rebellion took place and was put down in Canada.
- March 3 - A subsidiary of the American Bell Telephone Company, American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T), is incorporated in New York.
- March 4 - Grover Cleveland replaces Chester A. Arthur as President of the United States.
- March 14 - W. S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan's The Mikado opens at the Savoy Theatre.
- March 26 -
- The Times reports that "A lady well-known in literary and scientific circles" has been cremated by the Cremation Society in Woking, Surrey. Jeannette C. Pickersgill was the first person to be officially cremated in the United Kingdom
- The Prussian government motivated by Otto von Bismarck orders to expel from Prussia all ethnic Poles and Jews without German citizenship. Thus the Prussian deportations are initiated.
- March 30 - The Battle for Kushka triggers the Panjdeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire.
- March 31 - The United Kingdom establishes a protectorate over Bechuanaland.
April - June
- April 3 - Gottlieb Daimler was granted a German patent for his 1-cylinder water-cooled engine design
- April 30 - A bill is signed in the New York State legislature forming the Niagara Falls State Park
- May 2
- Good Housekeeping magazine goes on sale for the first time.
- Cree and Assiniboine warriors won the Battle of Cut Knife, their largest victory over Canadian forces during the North-West Rebellion.
- The Congo Free State is established by King Léopold II of Belgium.
- May 9– May 12 - Canadian government forces inflict decisive defeat on Métis rebels at the Battle of Batoche.
- June 17 - The Statue of Liberty arrives in New York Harbour.
- June 24 - Randolph Churchill becomes Secretary of State for India
July - September
- July 6 - Louis Pasteur successfully tests his vaccine against rabies. The patient is Joseph Meister, a boy who was bitten by a rabid dog.
- July 14 - Sarah E. Goode is the first female African-American to apply for and receive a patent, for the invention of the hideaway bed.
- July 15 - The Reservation at Niagara Falls opens, enabling access to all for free. Thomas V. Welch is the first Superintendent of the Park.
- July 20 - Professional football (soccer) is legalized in Britain.
- July 28 - Louis Riel's trial for treason begins in Regina.
- September 2 - The Rock Springs Massacre occurred in Rock Springs, Wyoming; 150 white miners attack their Chinese coworkers, killing 28, wounding 15, and forcing several hundred more out of town.
- September 6 - Eastern Rumelia declares its union with Bulgaria. The Unification of Bulgaria is accomplished.
- September 8 - Saint Thomas Academy is founded.
- September 15 - Train wreck of P.T. Barnum circus kills giant elephant Jumbo.
- September 18 - Union of Eastern Rumelia with Bulgaria proclaimed at Plovdiv.
- September 30 - A British force abolishes the Boer republic of Stellaland and adds it to British Bechuanaland.
October - December
- October 13 - Georgia Institute of Technology is established in Atlanta, Georgia as the Georgia School of Technology.
- November - Third Burmese War begins.
- November 7 - Canadian Pacific Railway finished - Finally: In Craigellachie, British Columbia, construction ends on a railway extending across Canada. Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald considered the project to be vital to Canada due to the exponentially greater potential for military mobility.
- November 14- November 28 - Serbo-Bulgarian War: Serbia declares war against Bulgaria but is defeated in Battle of Slivnitsa on November 17- November 19.
- November 16 - Canadian rebel leader of the Métis, Louis Riel is executed for high treason.
- December 1 - The US Patent Office acknowledges this date as the day Dr Pepper was served for the very first time; the exact date of Dr Pepper's invention is unknown.
- December 28 - 72 Indian lawyers, academics and journalists gather in Bombay to form the Congress Party
- Creation of the first genuine safety bicycle, the Rover, by the nephew of James Starley of Coventry Company; John K Starley.
- Cholera outbreak in Spain.
- Seattle and Tacoma raids on Asians.
- Nikola Tesla sells a number of his patents to George Westinghouse.
- Luton Town F.C Created by the merger of Luton Wanderers and Luton Excelsior.
- First skyscraper - Home Insurance Building in Chicago, Illinois, USA (10 floors).
- Bicycle Playing Cards first produced.
- SSAFA Forces Help (British charity) is established.
- Camp Dudley, the oldest continually running boys' camp in America, is founded.
- John Ormsby publishes his new English translation of Don Quixote, acclaimed as the most scholarly made up to that time. It will remain in print through the twentieth century. It is the first English translation of the novel to be printed on the Internet.
- Michigan Technological University (originally Michigan Mining School) opens its doors for the first time in what is now the Houghton County Fire Hall.
|Ab urbe condita||2638|
|British Regnal year||48 Vict. 1 – 49 Vict. 1|
|Chinese calendar|| 甲申年十一月十六日
— to —乙酉年十一月廿六日
|- Vikram Samvat||1941–1942|
|- Shaka Samvat||1807–1808|
|- Kali Yuga||4986–4987|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||885–886|
|Japanese calendar|| Meiji 18
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||27 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2428|
January - June
- January 6 - Florence Turner, American actress (d. 1946)
- January 8 - John Curtin, Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1945)
- January 11
- January 16 - Zhou Zuoren, Chinese writer (d. 1967)
- January 21 - Umberto Nobile, Italian politician and airship designer (d. 1978)
- January 27
- February 1 - Friedrich Kellner, German diarist, (d. 1970)
- February 7 - Sinclair Lewis, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1951)
- February 9 - Alban Berg, Austrian composer (d. 1935)
- February 13 - Bess Truman, First Lady of the United States (d. 1982)
- February 14 - Syed Zafarul Hasan, Muslim philosopher (d. 1949)
- February 15 - Princess Alice of Battenberg (d. 1969)
- February 21 - Sacha Guitry, Russian-born dramatist, writer, director, and actor (d. 1957)
- February 24
- March 6 - Ring Lardner, American writer (d. 1933)
- March 7 - John Tovey, British admiral of the fleet (d. 1971)
- March 11 - Sir Malcolm Campbell, English land and water racer (d. 1948)
- March 14 - Raoul Lufbery, World War I American pilot (d. 1918)
- March 31 - Pascin, Bulgarian painter (d. 1930)
- April 1 - Wallace Beery, American actor (d. 1949)
- April 3 - Allan Dwan, Canadian-born film director (d. 1981)
- April 13 - Vean Gregg, American baseball player (d. 1964)
- May 2 - Hedda Hopper, American columnist (d. 1966)
- May 7 - George 'Gabby' Hayes, American actor (d. 1969)
- May 9 - Eduard C. Lindeman, American social worker and author
- May 14 - Otto Klemperer, German conductor (d. 1973)
- May 21
- May 24- Susan Sutherland Isaacs, educational psychologist and psychoanalyst (d.1948).
- May 22 - Toyoda Soemu, Japanese admiral (d. 1957)
- June 5 - Georges Mandel, French politician and World War II hero (d. 1944)
- June 9 - John Edensor Littlewood, British mathematician (d. 1977)
- June 14 - E. L. Grant Watson, writer, anthropologist, and biologist (d. 1970)
- June 22 - Milan Vidmar, Slovenian electrical engineer and chess player (d. 1962)
July - December
- July 4 - Louis B. Mayer, American film producer (d. 1957)
- July 14 - King Sisavang Vong of Laos (d. 1959)
- July 28 - Monte Attell, American boxer (d. 1960)
- August 1 - George de Hevesy, Hungarian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1966)
- August 7 - Billie Burke, actress (d. 1970)
- September 11 - D. H. Lawrence, English author (d. 1930)
- September 22 - Ben Chifley, Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1951)
- September 22 - Erich Von Stroheim, motion picture actor & director (d. 1957)
- October 3 - Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist (d. 1970)
- October 7 - Niels Bohr, Danish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1962)
- October 11 - François Mauriac, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1970)
- October 30 - Ezra Pound, American poet (d. 1972)
- November 2 - Harlow Shapley, American astronomer (d. 1972)
- November 5 - Will Durant, American philosopher and writer (d. 1981)
- November 8 - Eva Morris, last surviving person documented as born in 1885 (d. 2000)
- November 9 ( October 28 (O.S.)) - Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet (d. 1922)
- November 11 - George Patton, American general (d. 1945)
- November 20 - Heinrich Brüning, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1970)
- December 2 - George Minot, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1950)
- December 19 - Joe "King" Oliver, American jazz musician (d. 1938)
January - June
- January 26 - Charles "Chinese" Gordon, British general (killed in battle) (b. 1833)
- February 1 - Sidney Gilchrist Thomas, inventor (b. 1850)
- February 8 - Nikolai Severtzov, Russian explorer and naturalist (b.1827)
- March 12 - Próspero Fernández Oreamuno, President of Costa Rica (b. 1834)
- April 2 - Justo Rufino Barrios, Central American leader (b. 1835)
- May 22 - Victor Hugo, French author (b. 1802)
- June 17 - Edwin Freiherr von Manteuffel, German field marshal (b. 1809)
July - December
- July 23 - Ulysses Simpson Grant, American Civil War general and the 18th U.S. President (b. 1822)
- August - Aga Khan II, religious leader (b. 1830)
- August 10 - James Wilson Marshall, American contractor and builder of Sutter's Mill (b. 1810)
- September 15 - Jumbo, the great elephant & star attraction in PT Barnum's circus (train accident) (b. 1861)
- November 16 - Louis Riel, Canadian leader (hanged for treason) (b. 1844)
- November 25
- November 26 - Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist (b.1813)
- December 8 - William Henry Vanderbilt, American entrepreneur (b. 1821)
- December 15 - Ferdinand II of Portugal, consort of Queen Maria II (b. 1816)