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This Schools selection was originally chosen by SOS Children for schools in the developing world without internet access. It is available as a intranet download. Visit the SOS Children website at http://www.soschildren.org/
|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1840s 1850s 1860s – 1870s – 1880s 1890s 1900s|
|Years:||1871 1872 1873 – 1874 – 1875 1876 1877|
Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1874
January - March
- January 1 - New York City annexes The Bronx.
- January 2 - Ignacio (Maria) Gonzalez becomes head of state of the Dominican Republic (for the first time).
- January 23 - Marriage of the Duke of Edinburgh, second son of Queen Victoria, to Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia, only daughter of Emperor Alexander III of Russia.
- January 23 - Camille Saint-Saëns' composition Danse Macabre is premiered.
- January - Signing of the Pangkor Treaty (also known as the Pangkor Engagement), by which the British extended their control over, first the Sultanate of Perak and later the other independent Malay States.
- February 21 - The Oakland Daily Tribune publishes its first newspaper.
- February 23 - Walter Clopton Wingfield patents a game called "sphairistike" which is more commonly called lawn tennis.
- March 18 - Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights.
- March - founding of a Young Men's Hebrew Association in Manhattan which still operates today as the 92nd Street Y
April - June
- 25 April - Louis Leroy reviews the first Impressionist exhibition, held in Paris, and coins the term with reference to Claude Monet's Impression, Sunrise.
- 9 May - The first horse drawn carriage made its debut in the city of Mumbai, plying on two routes.
- May 20 - Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis receive a US patent for blue jeans with copper rivets. The price was $13.50 per dozen.
- June 4 - The flag of Estonia is consecrated as the flag of Estonian Students Society in Otepää.
- June 14 - Michel Dominique becomes the head of state of Haiti.
July - September
- July 1 - The first public zoo in the U.S. opens, at Philadelphia.
- July 23 - Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos is appointed the Archbishop of the Portuguese colonial enclave of Goa.
- July 24 - Mathew Evans and Henry Woodward patent the first incandescent lamp with an electric light bulb.
October - December
- October 19 - Modern University of Zagreb founded in Zagreb
- November 4 - Democrats regain the U.S. House of Representatives for the first time since 1860.
- November 7 - Harper's Weekly publishes a cartoon by Thomas Nast considered the first important use of an elephant as a symbol for the Republican Party. .
- November 10 - John Ernst Worrell Keely demonstrates his "induction resonance motion motor" (later investigation reveals fraud behind another perpetual motion machine).
- November 25 - The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party made primarily of farmers financially hurt by the Panic of 1873.
- December 1 - Iceland is granted a constitution and limited home rule.
- December 9 - Transit of Venus.
- Home Rule Movement created to protest British Government control over Ireland. (see History of Ireland)
- Opening of the Agra canal in India.
- Charles Russell and the Bible Student movement claim this year to mark the invisible return of Jesus Christ to earth.
- FA Premier League Football club Bolton Wanderers founded (as Christ Church FC).
- Aston Villa Football Club founded.
- Greenock Morton Football Club (Scotland) founded.
|Ab urbe condita||2627|
|British Regnal year||37 Vict. 1 – 38 Vict. 1|
|Chinese calendar|| 癸酉年十一月十三日
— to —甲戌年十一月廿三日
|- Vikram Samvat||1930–1931|
|- Shaka Samvat||1796–1797|
|- Kali Yuga||4975–4976|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||874–875|
|Japanese calendar|| Meiji 7
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||38 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2417|
January - June
- January 1 - Gustav Albin Weißkopf , German-born aviation pioneer (d. 1927)
- January 4 - Josef Suk, Czech composer and violinist (d. 1935)
- January 5 - Joseph Erlanger, American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1965)
- January 16 - Robert W. Service, American poet (d. 1958)
- January 20 - Steve Bloomer, English footballer, cricketer and baseball player (d. 1938)
- January 21 - Frederick Madison Smith, American religious leader and author (d. 1946)
- January 25 - William Somerset Maugham, English author (d. 1965)
- January 29 - John D. Rockefeller, Jr., American entrepreneur (d. 1960)
- February 1 - Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Austrian writer (d. 1929)
- February 2 - William T. Innes, American writer, ichthyologist, publisher (d. 1969)
- February 3 - Gertrude Stein, American writer and patron of the arts (d. 1946)
- February 9 - Amy Lowell, American poet (d. 1925)
- February 11
- February 15 - Sir Ernest Shackleton, Irish explorer (d. 1922)
- February 17 - Thomas J. Watson, American computer pioneer (d. 1956)
- February 23 - Konstantin Päts, Estonian president (d. 1956)
- February 24 - Honus Wagner, baseball player (d. 1955)
- March 20 - Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (d. 1945)
- March 24 - Harry Houdini, Hungarian-born magician (d. 1926)
- March 26 - Robert Frost, American poet (d. 1963)
- March 29 - Lou Hoover, First Lady of the United States (d. 1944)
- April 8 - Stanisław Taczak, Polish general, commander-in-chief of the Greater Poland Uprising (d. 1960)
- April 15 - Johannes Stark, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1957)
- April 19 - Ernst Rudin, Swiss psychiatrist and geneticist (d. 1952)
- April 25 - Guglielmo Marconi, Italian inventor, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (d. 1937)
- April 28 - Joachim Spungel, Austrian linguistics expert (d. 1946)
- May 3 - François Coty, French perfume manufacturer (d. 1934)
- May 9 - Howard Carter, British archaeologist (d. 1939)
- May 14 - Polaire, French actress and singer (d. 1939)
- May 19 - Gilbert Jessop, English cricketer (d. 1955)
- May 29 - Gilbert Keith Chesterton, English author (d. 1936)
- June 11 - Lyman Gilmore, American aviation pioneer (d. 1951)
- June 16 - Arthur Meighen, ninth Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1960)
- June 19 - Peder Oluf Pedersen, Danish engineer and physicist (d. 1941)
July - December
- July 14 - Abbas II, last khedive of Egypt (d. 1944)
- July 26 - Serge Koussevitzky, Russian conductor (d. 1951)
- July 27 - Frank Shannon, American actor (d. 1959)
- July 29 - J. S. Woodsworth, Canadian politician (d. 1942)
- August 6 - Charles Fort, writer and researcher into anomalous phenomena (d. 1932)
- August 27 - Carl Bosch, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)
- September 13
- September 21 - Gustav Holst, English composer (d. 1934)
- October 15 - Prince Alfred of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (d. 1899)
- October 20 - Charles Ives, American composer (d. 1954)
- October 26 - Martin Lowry, English chemist (d. 1936)
- November 15 - August Krogh, Danish zoophysiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1949)
- November 29 - Egas Moniz, Portuguese physician and neurologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1955)
- November 30
- December 13 - Josef Lhévinne, Russian pianist (d. 1944)
- December 17 - William Lyon Mackenzie King, Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1950)
- December 22 - Franz Schmidt, Austrian composer (d. 1939)
January - June
- January 8 - Abbé Charles-Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French writer and historian (b. 1814)
- January 17 - Chang and Eng Bunker, siamese twins and sideshow performers. (b. 1811)
- January 19 - August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben, German poet (b. 1798)
- February 3 - William Charles Lunalilo, last monarch of the House of Kamahameha (b. 1835)
- February 8 - David Friedrich Strauss, German theologian (b. 1808)
- March 8 - Millard Fillmore, 13th President of the United States (b. 1800)
- March 10 - Moritz von Jacobi, engineer and physicist (b. 1801)
- March 20 - Hans Christian Lumbye, Danish composer (b. 1810)
- April 13 - Etō Shinpei, Japanese statesman (executed) (b. 1834)
- April 20 - Alexander H. Bailey, American politician (b. 1817)
- June 20 - John Ruggles, American politician (b. 1789)
- June 21 - Anders Jonas Ångström, Swedish physicist (b. 1814)
July - December
- July 8 - Agnes Strickland, popular historian (b. 1796)
- July 12 - Fritz Reuter, novelist (b. 1810)
- July 24 - Gijsbert Haan, Dutch-American religious leader (b. 1801)
- August 14 - Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, African-American minister and politician (b. 1821)
- October 6 - Samuel M. Kier, American oil magnate (b. 1813)
- November 29 - Ioan Manu, Russian politician (b. 1803)
- December 7 - Constantin von Tischendorf, German Biblical scholar (b. 1815)
- December 22 - Johann Peter Pixis, German pianist and composer (b. 1788)
- date unknown - William Henry Rinehart, American sculptor (b. 1825)