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|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1810s 1820s 1830s – 1840s – 1850s 1860s 1870s|
|Years:||1843 1844 1845 – 1846 – 1847 1848 1849|
Year 1846 (MDCCCXLVI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1846
- January 5 - The United States House of Representatives votes to stop sharing the Oregon Territory with the United Kingdom.
- February 10 - Many Mormons begin their migration west from Nauvoo, Illinois, to Great Salt Lake led by Brigham Young.
- February 19 - In Austin, Texas the newly-formed Texas state government is officially installed.
- March 10 - Prince Osahito, fourth son of deceased Emperor Ninko of Japan, becomes Emperor Kōmei.
- April 25 - Mexican-American War: Open conflict begins over border disputes of Texas' boundaries.
- May 8 - Mexican-American War: The Battle of Palo Alto - Zachary Taylor defeats a Mexican force north of the Rio Grande at Palo Alto, Texas in the first major battle of the war.
- May 13 - Mexican-American War: The United States declares war on Mexico.
- 16 May - Under the leadership of British Prime Minister Robert Peel, the British Parliament repeals the Corn Laws, replacing the old Colonial mercantile trade system with Free Trade.
- May 17 - The Saxophone is patented by Adolphe Sax.
- May 25 - The Royal Geographical Society awards P.E Strzelecki a Gold medal "for exploration in the south eastern portion of Australia".
- June 10 - Mexican-American War: The California Republic declares independence from Mexico.
- June 14 - Bear Flag Revolt begins - American settlers in Sonoma, California start a rebellion against Mexico and proclaim the California Republic.
- June 15 - The Oregon Treaty establishes the 49th parallel as the border between the United States and Canada, from the Rocky Mountains to the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
- June 16 - Pope Pius IX succeeds Pope Gregory XVI as the 255th pope.
- July 7 - Acting on instructions from Washington, DC, Commodore John Drake Sloat orders his troops to occupy Monterey and Yerba Buena thus beginning the United States annexation of California.
- September 23 - Discovery of Neptune: The planet is observed for the first time by German astronomers Johann Gottfried Galle and Heinrich Louis d'Arrest as predicted by the British astronomer John Couch Adams and the French astronomer Urbain Le Verrier, although the planet did not get its current name for many years.
- October 1 - Christ College, Tasmania opens with the hope that it would develop along the lines of an Oxbridge college and provide the basis for university education in Tasmania. Today, it is the oldest tertiary instituition in Australia.
- December 28: Iowa is admitted as the 29th U.S. state.
- The portion of the District of Columbia that was ceded by Virginia in 1790 is re-ceded to Virginia.
- Electric Telegraph Company founded in Britain.
- Elias Howe patents the sewing machine.
- Rotary printing press invented, making rapid printing of newspapers possible.
|Ab urbe condita||2599|
|British Regnal year||9 Vict. 1 – 10 Vict. 1|
|Chinese calendar|| 乙巳年十二月初四日
— to —丙午年十一月十四日
|- Vikram Samvat||1902–1903|
|- Shaka Samvat||1768–1769|
|- Kali Yuga||4947–4948|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||846–847|
|Japanese calendar|| Kōka 3
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||66 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2389|
- January 5 - Rudolf Christoph Eucken, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1926)
- January 27 - M. Lewis Clark American founder of Kentucky Derby (d. 1899)
- February 2 - Francis Marion Smith, American borax magnate (d. 1931)
- February 9 - Wilhelm Maybach, German automobile designer (d. 1929)
- February 18 - Wilson Barrett, English actor (d. 1904)
- February 26 - William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody, American frontiersman (d. 1917)
- April 4 - Comte de Lautreamont, French writer (d. 1870)
- May 5 - Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish author, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1916)
- June 11 - William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer (d. 1920)
- June 27 - Charles Stewart Parnell, Irish political leader (d. 1891)
- July 17 - Tokugawa Iemochi, Japanese shogun (d. 1866)
- July 26 - Texas Jack Omohundro, American frontier scout, actor, and cowboy (d. 1880)
- August 23 - Alexander Milne Calder, American sculptor (d. 1923)
- September 16 - Anna Kingsford, British spiritual writer, doctor, feminist and pioneering vegetarian.
- November 25 - Carrie Nation, American temperance advocate (d. 1911)
- February 21 - Emperor Ninko of Japan (b. 1800)
- March 17 - Friedrich Bessel, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1784)
- May 23 - Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (b. 1778)
- June 1 - Pope Gregory XVI (b. 1765)
- June 8 - Rodolphe Töpffer, Swiss author, painter, and caricature artist (b. 1799)
- August 16 - Sylvain Charles Valée, Marshal of France (b. 1773)
- September 14 - Jacques Dupre, Louisiana State Representative, State Senator, and Governor (b.1773)
- September 23 - John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-born explorer of South Australia (b. 1818)
- November 6