|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1800s 1810s 1820s – 1830s – 1840s 1850s 1860s|
|Years:||1833 1834 1835 – 1836 – 1837 1838 1839|
Year 1836 (MDCCCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1836
January -> March
- January 5 - Davy Crockett arrives in Texas.
- January 12 - Battle of Wetumka, Florida.
- January 12 - HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin reaches Sydney, Australia.
- January 18 - Dade County, Florida is formed.
- February 23 - The Alamo is surrounded by Santa Anna's army, in 13-day ordeal.
- February 25 - Samuel Colt receives an American patent for the Colt revolver, the first revolving barrel multishot firearm.
- March 1 - Antonio García Gutiérrez's play El Trovador performed for the first time at Madrid.
- March 1 - A Convention of delegates from 57 Texas communities convenes in Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas, to deliberate independence from Mexico.
- March 2 - Declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico.
- March 6 - Battle of the Alamo ends: 189 Texans against about 1600 Mexicans.
- March 17 - Texas abolishes slave trade.
April - June
- April 20 - The Territory of Wisconsin is created.
- April 21 - Battle of San Jacinto: Mexican forces under General Santa Anna are defeated at San Jacinto, Texas.
- April 22 - Texas Revolution: A day after the Battle of San Jacinto forces under Texas General Sam Houston capture Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
- May 7 - The settlement of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico is elevated to the royal status of villa by the government of Spain.
- May 15 - Francis Baily, during an eclipse of the sun, observes the phenomenon named after him as Baily's beads.
- May 19 - Fort Parker massacre: Among those captured by Native Americans was 9-year-old Cynthia Ann Parker. She would later give birth to a son named Quanah who would become the last chief of the Comanche.
- June 15 - Arkansas is the 25th state admitted in the United States of America
July - September
- July 13 - First numbered U.S. patent #1 (after filing 9,957 unnumbered patents) is granted, for locomotive wheels.
- July 20 - Charles Darwin climbs Green Hill on Ascension Island.
- July 21 - The first Canadian railroad opens, between Laprairie and St. John, Quebec.
- July 27 - Adelaide, South Australia is founded.
- July 30 - The first English newspaper is published in Hawaii.
- August 17 - HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin leaves South America, headed back to England.
- August 30 - The city of Houston, Texas is founded.
- September 1 - Rebuilding begins at Synagogue of Rabbi Judah Hasid in Jerusalem.
- September 5 - Sam Houston is elected as the first president of the Republic of Texas.
October - December
- October 2 - Charles Darwin returns to England aboard HMS Beagle with biological data he will later use to develop his theory of evolution.
- October 22 - Sam Houston is inaugurated as first elected President of the Republic of Texas.
- October 24 - A. Phillips patents the match.
- December 4 - Whig Party holds its first national convention, in Harrisburg, PA.
- December 7 - U.S. presidential election: Martin Van Buren defeats William Henry Harrison.
- December 15 - The US Patent Office ( USPTO) burns in Washington, DC.
- December 26 - Proclamation of the colony of South Australia, now celebrated in the state of South Australia as Proclamation Day.
- December 27 - Avalanche at Lewes Sussex, England kills 8 of 15 buried.
- December 28 - Spain recognizes independence of Mexico.
- December 30 - The Lehman theatre in St Petersburg catches fire: hundreds die.
- Boers in South Africa begin the Great Trek across the Orange River.
- First printed literature in Assyrian Neo-Aramaic is produced by Justin Perkins, an American Presbyterian missionary.
- New Board brokerage group is founded in New York City.
- Parliament passes law making census data available to the public - a boon for genealogists and historians.
- James Peter Allaire's company, the Howell Works, is at its peak.
- George Catlin ends his six year tour of 50 tribes in the Dakota Territory.
|Ab urbe condita||2589|
|British Regnal year||6 Will. 4 – 7 Will. 4|
|Chinese calendar|| 乙未年十一月十三日
— to —丙申年十一月廿四日
|- Vikram Samvat||1892–1893|
|- Shaka Samvat||1758–1759|
|- Kali Yuga||4937–4938|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||836–837|
|Japanese calendar|| Tenpō 7
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||76 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2379|
January - June
- January 2 - Mendele Moykher Sforim, Russian Yiddish writer (d. 1917)
- January 10 - Charles Phillip Ingalls, Pioneer father of author Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. June 8, 1902)
- January 14 - Henri Fantin-Latour, French painter (d. 1904)
- January 27 - Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (d. 1895)
- February 16 - Robert Halpin, Irish mariner and cable layer (d. 1894)
- February 18 - Ramakrishna Paramhansa, Bengali religious leader (d. 1886)
- February 21 - Léo Delibes, French composer (d. 1891)
- February 24 - Winslow Homer, American painter. 1910)
- March 12 - Isabella Beeton, British cook and expert on household management (d. 1865)
- March 20 - Ferris Jacobs, Jr., American politician (d. 1886)
- March 20 - Sir Edward Poynter, French-born artist (d. 1919)
- April 27 - Major Charles Bendire, U.S. Army captain and ornithologist (d. 1897)
- May 27 - Jay Gould, American financier (d. 1892)
- May 28 - Alexander Mitscherlich, German chemist (d. 1918)
- May 31 - Jules Chéret, French printmaker (d. 1932)
July - December
- July 8 - Joseph Chamberlain, British politician (d. 1914)
- July 9 - Camille de Renesse, Belgian Count (d. 1904)
- August 13 - Bishop Nikolai of Japan, Russian Orthodox priest (d. 1912)
- August 25 - Bret Harte, American writer (d. 1902)
- September 7 - Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1908)
- September 11 - Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (d. 1870)
- September 17 - William Jackson Palmer, founder of Colorado Springs, Colorado (d. 1836)
- October 15 - James Tissot, French artist (d. 1902)
- November 11 - Thomas Bailey Aldrich, American poet and novelist (d. 1907)
- November 18 - W. S. Gilbert, British playwright and librettist best known for his collaborations with Arthur Sullivan (d. 1911)
January - June
- January 11 - John Molson, Canadian entrepreneur (b. 1763)
- January 30 - Betsy Ross, Made the first American flag (b. 1752)
- March 6 - Davy Crockett, American frontiersman and soldier (b. 1786)
- March 6 - William Barret Travis Texan revolutionary (b. 1809)
- March 6 - James Bowie Texan revolutionary (b. 1796)
- March 16 - Nathaniel Bowditch, American Mathematician (b. 1773)
- March 27 - James Fannin, Texas Revolutionary (b. 1804)
- April 29 - Simon Kenton, Frontiersman; American Revolutionary Militia General (b. 1755)
- June 28 - James Madison, 4th President of the United States (b. 1751)
July - December
- August 21 - Claude-Louis Navier, French engineer and physicist (b. 1785)
- August 26 - Jeremiah Colegrove, Continental Army officer (b. 1758)
- September 5 - Ferdinand Raimund, Austrian playwright (b. 1790)
- September 12 - Christian Dietrich Grabbe, German playwright (b. 1801)
- September 14 - Aaron Burr, Vice President of the United States (b. 1756)
- September 17 - Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist (b. 1748)
- November 5 - Karel Hynek Mácha, Czech poet (b. 1810)
- November 6 - King Charles X of France (b. 1757)
- November 16 - Christian Hendrik Persoon, Dutch mycologist (b. 1761)
- December 27 - Stephen F. Austin, American pioneer (b. 1793)
- Bernhard Meyer, German physician and ornithologist (b. 1767)