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|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1800s 1810s 1820s – 1830s – 1840s 1850s 1860s|
|Years:||1832 1833 1834 – 1835 – 1836 1837 1838|
Year 1835 (MDCCCXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1835
- January 7 - HMS Beagle anchors off the Chonos Archipelago, on voyage of 1831-1836 with Charles Darwin.
- January 30 - Unsuccessful assassination attempt against President Andrew Jackson in the United States Capitol - first assassination attempt against a President of the United States.
- February 20 - Concepción, Chile is destroyed by an earthquake.
- March 2 - Ferdinand becomes Emperor of Austria.
- April 18 - Lord Melbourne succeeds Sir Robert Peel as British Prime Minister.
- The Australian city of Melbourne is founded by John Batman and John Pascoe Fawkner.
- May 5 - In Belgium a railway is opened between Brussels and Mechelen. It is the first railway in continental Europe (see Rail transport in Belgium).
- August 25 - In US, the New York Sun prints issue 1 of 6 for the Great Moon Hoax.
- September 7 - Charles Darwin arrives at the Galapagos Islands aboard HMS Beagle.
- September 20 - Farroupilha's Revolution begins in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
- October 2 - Texas Revolution begins: Battle of Gonzales - Mexican soldiers attempt to disarm the people of Gonzales, Texas but encounter stiff resistance from a hastily assembled militia.
- November 16 - Comet Halley reaches perihelion, its closest approach to the sun.
- November 19 - A force of 500 Māori invade and enslave the peoples of the Chatham Islands.
- December 1 - Hans Christian Andersen publishes first book of fairy tales.
- December 7 - First German Railway opens between Nürnberg and Fürth, named "der Adler" (The Eagle) (see History of rail transport in Germany).
- December 9 - The Army of the Republic of Texas captures San Antonio.
- December 16- 17 - The Great Fire of New York destroys 530 buildings, including the New York Stock Exchange.
- December 17 The Death of Pierre Louis Roederer
- December 20 - The first signing of the Texas Declaration of Independence at Goliad, Texas.
- December 28 - USA: Second Seminole War breaks out.
- The British Geological Survey is founded as the world's first national geological survey.
- De revolutionibus orbium coelestium, Copernicus' book on the motion of the Earth, is removed from the Index of Prohibited Books.
- Civil war erupts in Uruguay between supporters of Blanco and Colorado parties.
- Cachar Levy, forerunner of Assam Rifles, is founded in India.
- The first Bulgarian-language school opens in the Ottoman Empire.
- The French word for their language changes to français, from françois.
- Fort Cass is established, the military headquarters and site of the largest internment camps during the 1838 Trail of Tears.
- Charles-Louis Havas creates Havas, the first French news agency (which later spawned Agence France-Presse)
|Ab urbe condita||2588|
|British Regnal year||5 Will. 4 – 6 Will. 4|
|Chinese calendar|| 甲午年十二月初三日
— to —乙未年十一月十二日
|- Vikram Samvat||1891–1892|
|- Shaka Samvat||1757–1758|
|- Kali Yuga||4936–4937|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||835–836|
|Japanese calendar|| Tenpō 6
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||77 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2378|
January - June
- February 13 - Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (d. 1908)
- February 15 - Demetrius Vikelas, Greek International Olympic Committee president (d. 1908)
- February 18 - César Cui, Lithuanian composer (d. 1918)
- March 4 - John Hughlings Jackson, English neurologist (d. 1911)
- March 14 - Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (d. 1910)
- March 15 - Eduard Strauss, Austrian composer (d. 1916)
- March 24 - Jožef Stefan, Slovenian physicist, mathematician, and poet (d. 1893)
- April 9 - King Léopold II of Belgium (d. 1909)
- May 3 - Alfred Austin, English poet (d. 1913)
- May 21 - František Chvostek, Moravian physician (d. 1884)
- June 2 - Pope Pius X (d. 1914)
July - December
- July 7 - Ernest Giles, Australian explorer (d. 1897)
- July 10 - Henryk Wieniawski, Polish composer (d. 1880)
- July 27 - Giosuè Carducci, Italian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1907)
- August 2 - Elisha Gray, American inventor and businessman (d. 1901)
- October 7 - Felix Draeseke, German composer (d. 1913)
- October 9 - Camille Saint-Saëns, French composer (d. 1921)
- October 23 - Adlai E. Stevenson, Vice President of the United States (d. 1914)
- October 31 - Adolf von Baeyer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1917)
- November 17 - Andrew L. Harris, American Civil War hero and Governor of Ohio (d. 1915)
- November 19 - Rani Lakshmi Bai, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1858)
- November 21 - Hetty Green, American businesswoman (d. 1916)
- November 25 - Andrew Carnegie, American industrialist and philanthropist (d. 1919)
- November 29 - Empress Dowager Cixi of China (d. 1908)
- November 30 - Mark Twain, American author and humorist (d. 1910)
- December 4 - Samuel Butler, English writer (d. 1902)
- December 18 - Lyman Abbott, American clergyman and author (d. 1922)
- February 15 - Henry Hunt, British politician (b. 1773)
- March 2 - Emperor Francis I of Austria (b. 1768)
- March 18 - Christian Gunther von Bernstorff, Danish and Prussian statesman and diplomat (b. 1769)
- April 8 - Wilhelm von Humboldt, German linguist and philosopher (b. 1767)
- April 21 - Samuel Slater, American industrialist (b. 1768)
- May 13 - John Nash, English architect (b. 1752)
- June 18 - William Cobbett, English journalist and author (b. 1763)
- July 6 - John Marshall, influential American chief justice (b. 1755)
- July 28 - Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, French marshal (b. 1768)
- September 23 - Vincenzo Bellini, Italian composer (b. 1801)
- December 13 - John Storm, American Revolutionary soldier (b. 1760)