Background to the schools Wikipedia
Arranging a Wikipedia selection for schools in the developing world without internet was an initiative by SOS Children. See http://www.soschildren.org/sponsor-a-child to find out about child sponsorship.
|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1800s 1810s 1820s – 1830s – 1840s 1850s 1860s|
|Years:||1828 1829 1830 – 1831 – 1832 1833 1834|
|1831 in topic:|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature – Music|
|Australia – Canada – France – Germany – Mexico – Philippines – South Africa – US – UK|
|Rail Transport – Science – Sports|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial Governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2584|
|British Regnal year||1 Will. 4 – 2 Will. 4|
|Chinese calendar|| 庚寅年十一月十八日
— to —辛卯年十一月廿八日
|- Vikram Samvat||1887–1888|
|- Shaka Samvat||1753–1754|
|- Kali Yuga||4932–4933|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||831–832|
|Japanese calendar|| Tenpō 2
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||81 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2374|
Year 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.
- January 1 – William Lloyd Garrison begins publishing The Liberator, an antislavery newspaper, in Boston, Massachusetts.
- January 14 – The Hunchback of Notre Dame is first published by Victor Hugo.
- February–March – Revolts in Modena, Parma and the Papal States are put down by Austrian troops.
- February 2 – Pope Gregory XVI succeeds Pope Pius VIII as the 254th pope.
- February 14 – Battle of Debre Abbay: Ras Marye of Yejju marches into Tigray and defeats and kills the warlord Sabagadis.
- February 20 – Battle of Grochow: Polish rebel forces divide a Russian army.
- March 10 – The French Foreign Legion is founded.
- March 29 – The Great Bosnian uprising against the Ottoman Empire begins.
- April 7 – Pedro I abdicates as emperor of Brazil in favour of his 5-year old son Pedro II, who will reign for almost 59 years.
- April 18 – University of Alabama founded.
- April 27 – Charles Albert becomes king of Sardinia after the death of King Charles Felix.
- May 26 – Battle of Ostrołęka: The Poles fight another indecisive battle.
- May–June – Merthyr Rising 1831: Coal miners and others riot in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales for improved working conditions.
- July 21 – Léopold I of Belgium is inaugurated as first king of the Belgians.
- August 2 – The Dutch ten-day campaign in Belgium is halted by a French army.
- August 7 – American Baptist minister William Miller preaches his first sermon on the Second Advent of Christ in Dresden, New York, launching the Advent Movement in the United States.
- August 21 – USA: Nat Turner's slave rebellion breaks out in Southampton County, Virginia.
- September 6– September 8 – Battle of Warsaw: The Russians take the Polish capital and crush resistance.
- November 7 – Slave trading is forbidden in Brazil.
- November 22 – After a bloody battle with the military causing 600 casualties, rebellious silkworkers seize Lyon, France, beginning the First Canut Revolt.
- December 27 – Charles Darwin embarks on his historic voyage aboard HMS Beagle.
- December 31 – Gramercy Park is deeded to New York City.
- The Sydney Morning Herald newspaper is first published.
- Muhammad Ali of Egypt's French-trained forces occupy Syria.
- Rifa'a el-Tahtawi returns from study in Paris to Egypt.
- Founding of:
- Denison University in Granville, Ohio
- Wesleyan University in Middletown, Connecticut
- New York University in New York City
- Xavier University in Cincinnati, Ohio (as "The Athenaeum")
- January 7 – Heinrich von Stephan, German postal union organizer (d. 1897)
- January 8 – John Stith Pemberton, Inventor of Coca-Cola (d. 1888)
- February 24 – Leo von Caprivi, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1899)
- March 3 – George Pullman, American inventor and industrialist (d. 1897)
- March 6 – Philip Sheridan, American general (d. 1888)
- March 12 – Clement Studebaker, American automobile pioneer (d. 1901)
- March 16 – Elise Hwasser, Swedish artist (d. 1894)
- March 20 – Solomon L. Spink, U.S. Congressman from Illinois (d. 1881)
- June 1 – John Bell Hood, American Confederate general (d. 1879)
- June 2 – Jan Gerard Palm, composer (d. 1906)
- June 13 – James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist (d. 1879)
- June 28 – Joseph Joachim, Austrian violinist (d. 1907)
- July 17 – Xianfeng Emperor of China (d. 1861)
- July 22 – Emperor Kōmei of Japan (d. 1867)
- August 12 – Helena Petrovna Blavatsky, Russian-born author and theosophist (d. 1891)
- September 18 – Siegfried Marcus, German-born automobile pioneer (d. 1898)
- September 20 – Kate Harrington, American teacher, writer and poet (d. 1917)
- September 29 – John Schofield, American general (d. 1906)
- October 6 – Richard Dedekind, German mathematician (d. 1916)
- October 18 – Emperor Frederick III of Germany (d. 1888)
- October 29 – Othniel Charles Marsh, American paleontologist (d. 1899)
- October 31 – Romualdo Pacheco, Governor of California (d. 1899)
- November 19 – James A. Garfield, 20th United States President (d. 1881)
- November 26 – Anna Leonowens, Anna of The King and I
- December 19 – Bernice Pauahi Bishop, Hawaiian aliʻi
- January 21 – Achim von Arnim, German poet (b. 1781)
- February 14
- February 17 – Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (b. 1785)
- February 25 – Friedrich Maximilian Klinger, German writer (b. 1752)
- April 5 – Dmitry Senyavin, Russian admiral (b. 1763)
- April 20 – John Abernethy (surgeon) (b. 1764)
- April 27 – Charles Felix of Savoy, King of Sardinia (b. 1765)
- April 30 – Collet Barker, British military officer and explorer (b. 1784)
- June 27 – Sophie Germain, French mathematician (b. 1776)
- July 4 – James Monroe, 5th President of the United States (b. 1758)
- July 16 – Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (b. 1763)
- August 24 – August von Gneisenau, Prussian field marshal (b. 1760)
- November 11 – Nat Turner, American slave rebel (b. 1800)
- November 14 – Georg Hegel, German philosopher (b. 1770)
- November 16 – Carl von Clausewitz, German military strategist (b. 1780)
- December 26 – Henry Louis Vivian Derozio, Indian Poet (b. 1809)