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|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1780s 1790s 1800s – 1810s – 1820s 1830s 1840s|
|Years:||1813 1814 1815 – 1816 – 1817 1818 1819|
Year 1816 (MDCCCXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). This year was known as The Year Without a Summer because of globally low temperatures.
Events of 1816
January - June
- The Chinese New Year of the Rat begins in January.
- Known as the " Year Without A Summer" in the northern hemisphere due to global cooling caused by the Mount Tambora volcanic eruption that had occurred in 1815.
- January 1 - Tsar Alexander I of Russia signed an order for expulsion of the Jesuit Monastic Order from the Russian Empire
- January 9 - Sir Humphry Davy tested the Davy lamp for Miners at Hebburn Colliery.
- February 12 - Fire nearly destroyed the city of St. John's, Newfoundland.
- February 20 - Gioachino Rossini's The Barber of Seville debuts at Teatro Argentina, with a fiasco.
- March 23 - Emancipation from serfdom in Estonia.
- March 25 - Friedrich Karl Ludwig, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck dies and is succeeded by the later Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, his son and founder of the Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg.
- April 11 - In Philadelphia, the African Methodist Episcopal Church is established by Richard Allen and other African-American Methodists, the first such denomination completely independent of White churches.
- May 2 - Leopold of Sayxe-Coburg, later King of the Belgians, marries Charlotte Augusta, but she dies the next year.
- June 19 - Battle of Seven Oaks between Hudson Bay and Northwest fur-trading companies, near Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
July - December
- July 9 - Argentina gains independence from Spain
- July 17 - The French passenger ship Medusa runs aground off the coast of Senegal, with 140 lives lost in the botched rescue that takes weeks, leading to a scandal in the French government.
- August 24 - The Treaty of St. Louis is signed in St. Louis, Missouri.
- August 27 - Bombardment of Algiers
- November - James Monroe defeats Rufus King in U.S. presidential election.
- December 11 - Indiana is admitted as the 19th U.S. state.
- Tsultrim Gyatso becomes the 10th Dalai Lama.
- The British found Banjul, The Gambia.
- In France, René Laennec (1781-1826) invents the stethoscope.
- The Second Bank of the United States is founded.
- E. Remington and Sons is founded.
- Buffalo, New York is incorporated.
- The Senate of Finland is established
|Ab urbe condita||2569|
|British Regnal year||56 Geo. 3 – 57 Geo. 3|
|Chinese calendar|| 乙亥年十二月初三日
— to —丙子年十一月十三日
|- Vikram Samvat||1872–1873|
|- Shaka Samvat||1738–1739|
|- Kali Yuga||4917–4918|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||816–817|
|Japanese calendar|| Bunka 13
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||96 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2359|
- March 14 - William Marsh Rice, American university founder (d. 1900)
- April 21 - Charlotte Brontë, British novelist (d. 1855)
- April 22 - Charles Denis Bourbaki, French general (d. 1897)
- April 25 - Eliza Daniel Stewart, American temperance movement leader (d. 1908)
- May 24 - Emanuel Leutze, American painter (d. 1868)
- June 19 - William Henry Webb, American industrialist and philanthropist (d. 1899)
- June 30 - Richard Lindon, Inventor of the Rugby Ball (d. 1887)
- July 4 - Arthur de Gobineau, French diplomat and author (d. 1882)
- July 23 - Charlotte Cushman, American stage actress (d. 1876)
- July 31 - George Henry Thomas, American general (d. 1870)
- August 4 - William Julian Albert, U.S. Congressman (d. 1879)
- August 16 - Charles John Vaughan, English scholar (d. 1897)
- November 17 - August Wilhelm Ambros, Austrian composer (d. 1876)
- December 13 - Werner von Siemens, German inventor and industrialist (d. 1892)
- date unknown - Francis Dutton, Premier of South Australia (d. 1877)
- January 27 - Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood, British admiral (b. 1724)
- February 6 - Maria Ludwika Rzewuska, Polish szlachcianka (b. 1744)
- February 22 - Adam Ferguson, Scottish philosopher and historian (b. 1723)
- March 19 - Philip Mazzei, Italian physician and friend of Thomas Jefferson (b. 1730)
- March 20 - Queen Maria I of Portugal (b. 1734)
- June 5 - Giovanni Paisiello, Italian composer (b. 1751)
- June 12 - Pierre Augereau, Marshal of France and duc de Castiglione (b. 1757)
- July 7 - Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Irish playwright (b. 1751)
- September 27 - Edward Charles Howard, British chemist and chemical engineer (b. 1774)
- November 8 - Governor Morris, American statesman (b. 1752)
- December 15 - Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope, English statesman and scientist (b. 1753)
- December 30 - Louis Henri Loison, French general (b. 1771)