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|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1780s 1790s 1800s – 1810s – 1820s 1830s 1840s|
|Years:||1807 1808 1809 – 1810 – 1811 1812 1813|
Year 1810 (MDCCCX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1810
January - March
- January 10 - Marriage of Napoleon and Josephine is annulled.
- January 20 - Tyrolean rebel leader Andreas Hofer executed.
- March 2 - Birth of Count Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaele Luigi Pecci, Later Pope Leo XIII (Pope 1878-1903)
- March 4 - French Army, under the command of Massena retreats from Portugal
- March 11 - Napoleon marries Marie-Louise of Austria.
April - June
- April 19 - Venezuela achieves home rule: Vicente Emparán, Governor of the Captaincy General is removed by the people of Caracas and a junta is installed.
- April 27 - Beethoven composes his famous piano piece, Für Elise.
- May 1 - Macon's Bill No. 2 becomes law.
- May 10 - Revolutionary occupation of Buenos Aires town hall.
- May 25 - In the May Revolution, Armed citizens of Buenos Aires expel the Viceroy from Spain and establish a provincial government for Argentina.
- June 4 - Founding of The Society in Dedham for Apprehending Horse Thieves in Dedham, Massachusetts.
- June 8 - Birth of Robert Schumann, German composer.
- June 23 - John Jacob Astor forms the Pacific Fur Company.
July - September
- July 9 - Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland.
- July 20 - Colombia declares independence from Spain.
- August 6 - City of Santa Cruz de Mompox, in modern-day Colombia, declares independence from the Spanish Empire.
- August 21 - Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, Marshal of France, is elected Crown Prince of Sweden by the Swedish Riksdag of the Estates.
- September 8 - The Tonquin sets sail from New York Harbour with 33 employees of John Jacob Astor's newly created Pacific Fur Company on board. After a six month journey around the tip of South America, the ship will arrive at the mouth of the Columbia River and Astor's men will establish fur-trading town of Astoria.
- September 16 - Grito de Dolores. Miguel Hidalgo, a catholic priest from Guanajuato incited the revolt that would become Mexico's Independence War.
- September 18 - Chile forms the National Junta, which is their first passage towards independency.
- September 26 - A new Act of Succession is adopted by the Riksdag of the Estates and Jean Baptiste Bernadotte becomes heir to the Swedish throne.
October - December
- October 12 - First Oktoberfest: The Bavarian royalty invites the citizens of Munich to join the celebration of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria to Princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen.
- October 27 - USA annexes West Florida from Spain.
- November 10 - the Berners Street Hoax - Theodore Hook manages to attract dozens of people to 53 Berners Street in London.
- Amadou Lobbo initiates his jihad in present-day Mali.
- Ching Shih and Chang Pao surrender their pirate fleet to the Chinese government.
- First steamboat on the Ohio River.
- Johann Wolfgang von Goethe publishes his Theory of Colours.
- King George III of the United Kingdom recognized as insane.
- Moose became extinct in Caucasus by this date.
- Russia acquires Sukhumi through a treaty with Abkhazian dukes, and declares a protectorate over the whole of Abkhazia.
- 18,000 Angolans are sold at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- Argentine War of Independence 1810-1818
- Black War 1804-1835
- Bolivian Independence War 1809-1824
- Gunboat War 1807-1814
- Napoleonic Wars (1799-1815) - Peninsular War
- Russo-Persian War (1804-1813)
- Russo-Turkish War, 1806-1812
|Ab urbe condita||2563|
|British Regnal year||50 Geo. 3 – 51 Geo. 3|
|Chinese calendar|| 己巳年十一月廿六日
— to —庚午年十二月初六日
|- Vikram Samvat||1866–1867|
|- Shaka Samvat||1732–1733|
|- Kali Yuga||4911–4912|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||810–811|
|Japanese calendar|| Bunka 7
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||102 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2353|
January - June
- January 3 - Antoine Thomson d'Abbadie, Irish-French geographer (died 1897)
- February 5 - Ole Bull, Norwegian violinist (died 1880)
- February 22 - Frédéric Chopin, Polish composer and pianist (died 1849)
- March 2 - Pope Leo XIII aka Count Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaele Luigi Pecci (died 1903)
- March 10 - Samuel Ferguson, Northern Irish poet and artist (died 1886)
- May 2 - Hans Christian Lumbye, Danish composer (died 1874)
- May 23 - Margaret Fuller, American journalist and feminist (died 1850)
- June 8 - Robert Schumann, German composer and pianist (died 1856)
July - December
- July 5 - P. T. Barnum, American showman (died 1891)
- July 21 - Henri Victor Regnault, French chemist and physicist (died 1878)
- September 2 - William Seymour Tyler, American educator and historian (died 1897)
- September 29 - Elizabeth Gaskell, British novelist (died 1865)
- October 10 - James W. Marshall, American contractor and builder of Sutter's Mill (died 1885)
- December 11 - Alfred de Musset, French poet (died 1857)
January - June
- January 20 - Benjamin Chew, Chief Justice of colonial Pennsylvania (born 1722)
- February 20 - Andreas Hofer, Tyrolean national hero (executed) (born 1767)
- February 24 - Henry Cavendish, British scientist (born 1731)
- March 7 - Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, British admiral (born 1750)
- June 7 - Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver (born 1765)
July - December
- July 19 - Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of Prussia (born 1776)
- August 12 - Etienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist (born 1725)
- October 15 - Alfred Moore, American judge (born 1755)
- November 11 - Johann Zoffany, German-born painter (born 1733)
- November 11 - John Laurance, American attorney, statesman, and judge (born 1750)