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|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1770s 1780s 1790s – 1800s – 1810s 1820s 1830s|
|Years:||1799 1800 1801 – 1802 – 1803 1804 1805|
Year 1802 (MDCCCII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Events of 1802
January - March
- March 16 - West Point is established.
- March 25/ 27 - Treaty of Amiens between France and United Kingdom ends the War of the Second Coalition.
- March 28 - H. W. Olbers discovers the asteroid Pallas.
April - June
- April 26 - A general amnesty signed by Napoleon Bonaparte allowed all but about one thousand of the most notorious émigrés of the French Revolution to return to France, as part of a reconciliary gesture to make peace with the various factions of the Ancien Regime that would ultimately consolidate his own rule.
- May 19 - Napoleon Bonaparte establishes the French légion d'honneur ( Legion of Honour).
- May 20 - Napoleon Bonaparte reinstates slavery in the French colonies, which had been abolished during the French Revolution.
- June 8 - Haitian revolutionary Toussaint Louverture is seized by French troops and sent to Fort de Joux for prison.
July - September
- July - Eleuthère Irénée du Pont founds E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, the modern DuPont Company.
- July 4 - At West Point, New York the United States Military Academy opens.
- August 2 - In a plebiscite, Napoleon Bonaparte is confirmed as the First Consul.
- 5 July to 28 August - A general election in the United Kingdom brings victory for the Tories led by Henry Addington.
- September 3 - William Wordsworth publishes the poem " Westminster Bridge".
- September 11 - The Italian region of Piedmont becomes a part of the French First Republic.
October - December
- October 2 - War ends between Sweden and Tripoli. The United States also negotiates peace, but war continues over the size of compensation.
- October - French army enters Switzerland.
- Marie Tussaud opens her famous wax museum in London, having been commissioned during the Reign of Terror to make death masks of the victims.
- Treviranus uses the term biology for the first time.
- Thomas Wedgwood produces the world's first photograph, but has no means of fixing the image, which quickly fades.
- William Symington builds the first successful steamship, the Charlotte Dundas.
- Ludwig van Beethoven performs his Moonlight Sonata for the first time.
|Ab urbe condita||2555|
|British Regnal year||42 Geo. 3 – 43 Geo. 3|
|Chinese calendar|| 辛酉年十一月廿七日
— to —壬戌年十二月初七日
|- Vikram Samvat||1858–1859|
|- Shaka Samvat||1724–1725|
|- Kali Yuga||4903–4904|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||802–803|
|Japanese calendar|| Kansei 14 Kyōwa 1
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||110 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2345|
January - June
- January 3 - Charles Pelham Villiers, British politician (d. 1898)
- February 11 - Lydia Maria Child, American abolitionist author (d. 1880)
- February 19 - Wilhelm Matthias Naeff, Swiss Federal Councillor (d. 1881)
- February 26 - Victor Hugo, French author (d. 1885)
- March 7 - Edwin Henry Landseer, British painter (d. 1873)
- April 4 - Dorothea Dix, American activist (d. 1887)
- June 23 - Pavel Nakhimov, Russian admiral (d. 1855)
July - December
- July 24 - Alexandre Dumas, père, French author (d. 1870)
- July 26 - Mariano Arista, President of Mexico (d. 1855)
- August 5 - Niels Henrik Abel, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1829)
- September 19 - Lajos Kossuth, Hungarian politician (d. 1894)
- October 31 - Benoît Fourneyron, French engineer (d. 1867)
- November 9 - Elijah P. Lovejoy, American abolitionist (d. 1837)
- November 19 - Solomon Foot, American politician (d. 1866)
- December 15 - Janos Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1860)
- December 23 - Sara Coleridge, British scholar (d. 1852)
January - June
- February 2 - Welbore Ellis, 1st Baron Mendip, British statesman (b. 1713)
- February 3 - Pedro Rodríguez, Conde de Campomanes, Spanish statesman and writer (b. 1723)
- February 26 - Esek Hopkins, American Revolutionary War admiral (b. 1718)
- April 18 - Erasmus Darwin, English physician and botanist (b. 1731)
- June 4 - Charles Emmanuel IV of Savoy, King of Sardinia (b. 1751)
July - December
- August 10 - Franz Aepinus, German philosopher (b. 1724)
- September 26 - Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and soldier (b. 1754)
- November 9 - Thomas Girtin, English artist (b. 1775)
- November 15 - George Romney, English artist (b. 1734)
- November 16 - André Michaux, French botanist (b. 1746)
- July 22 - Marie François Xavier Bichat, French anatomist and physiologist (b. 1771)