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|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1760s 1770s 1780s – 1790s – 1800s 1810s 1820s|
|Years:||1796 1797 1798 – 1799 – 1800 1801 1802|
|1799 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology – Architecture –|
|Art – Literature ( Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Countries: Australia – Canada – Great Britain – United States|
|Leaders: State leaders – Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
Year 1799 (MDCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1799
January - June
- January 9 - British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces an income tax of two shillings to the pound to raise funds for Great Britain's war effort in the Napoleonic Wars.
- March 1 - Federalist James Ross becomes President Pro Tempore of the United States Senate.
- March 7 - Napoleon captures Jaffa in Palestine and his troops proceed to kill more than 2,000 Albanian captives.
- March 22 - Roddy McCorley executed in the town of Toomebridge by the British for his part in the Irish Rebellion of 1798
- March 29 - New York passes a law aimed at gradually abolishing slavery in the state.
- May 4 - Tippu Sultan defeated and killed in Battle of Seringapatam by the British.
July - December
- July 7 - Ranjit Singh's men had taken their positions outside Lahore.
- July 12- Ranjit Singh the Great conquers Lahore and becomes ruler of the Punjab.
- July 15 - In the Egyptian port city of Rosetta, French Captain Pierre Bouchard finds the Rosetta Stone.
- July 25 - At Aboukir in Egypt, Napoleon Bonaparte defeats 10,000 Ottoman Mamluk troops under Mustafa Pasha.
- August 27 - British and Russian expedition to the Batavian Republic (now the Netherlands).
- August 30 - British forces under Sir Ralph Abercromby and Admiral Sir Charles Mitchell capture the entire Dutch fleet.
- October 6 - Franco Dutch forces defeat the Russo British expedition force in the battle of Castricum
- October 9 - Sinking of HMS Lutine, a famous treasure wreck.
- October 18 - Capitulation of Anglo-Russian expedition forces in Holland.
- November 9 - Napoleon overthrows the French Directory.
- December - Napoleon becomes First Consul.
- December 14 - George Washington, the first President of the United States, dies in Mount Vernon, Virginia.
- The Place Royale in Paris is renamed Place des Vosges when the Department of Vosges becomes the first to pay new Revolutionary taxes.
- The American System of manufacturing is invented.
- The small town of Tignish, PE, Canada is founded.
- 12 year old Conrad John Reed finds what he described as a "heavy yellow rock" along Little Meadow Creek in Cabarrus County, North Carolina and makes it a doorstop in his home. Conrad's father John Reed learns that the rock is actually gold in 1802, initiating the first gold rush in the United States.
- The assassination of the 14th Tu'i Kanokupolu, Tukuʻaho, plunges Tonga into half a century of civil war.
- French Revolution (1789-1799)
- French Revolutionary Wars (1792-1802)- Second Coalition/Egyptian Campaign
- Napoleonic Wars (1799-1815)- Second Coalition/Egyptian Campaign
|Ab urbe condita||2552|
|British Regnal year||39 Geo. 3 – 40 Geo. 3|
|Chinese calendar|| 戊午年十一月廿六日
— to —己未年十二月初六日
|- Vikram Samvat||1855–1856|
|- Shaka Samvat||1721–1722|
|- Kali Yuga||4900–4901|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||799–800|
|Japanese calendar|| Kansei 11
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||113 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2342|
- January 6 - Jedediah Smith, American fur trapper and explorer (d. 1831)
- January 31 - Rodolphe Töpffer, Swiss teacher, author, and artist (d. 1846)
- February 4 - Almeida Garrett, Portuguese writer (d. 1854)
- February 11 - Basil Moreau, founder of the Congregation of Holy Cross (d. 1873)
- March 8 - Simon Cameron, American politician (d. 1889)
- March 20 - Karl August Nicander, Swedish poet (d. 1839)
- March 28 - Karl Adolph von Basedow, a German physician, famous for reporting the symptoms of Graves-Basedow disease. (d. 1854)
- March 29 - Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1869)
- April 12 - Henri Druey, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1855)
- April 17 - Eliza Acton, English cookery writer (d. 1859)
- May 13 - Catherine Gore, English author (d. 1861)
- May 20- Honouré de Balzac, French author (d. 1850)
- May 21 - Mary Anning, British paleontologist (d. 1847)
- June 6 - Aleksandr Pushkin, Russian author (d. 1837)
- June 18 - Prosper Ménière, French physician (d. 1862)
- July 4 - King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway (d. 1859)
- September 8 - James Bowman Lindsay, Scottish inventor (d. 1862)
- September 10 - George Willison Adams, American abolitionist (d. 1879)
- November 1 - Thomas Baldwin Marsh, American religious leader (d. 1866)
- December 30 - David Douglas, Scottish botanist (d. 1834)
- date unknown
- January 9 - Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian mathematician (b. 1718)
- January 26 - Gabriel Christie, British general (b. 1722)
- February 6 - Étienne-Louis Boullée, French architect (b. 1728)
- February 7 - Qianlong Emperor of China (b. 1711)
- February 19 - Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor (b. 1733)
- March 22 - Roddy McCorley, Irish republican
- May 4 - Tipu Sultan, Indian ruler (b. 1750)
- May 19 - Pierre Beaumarchais, French writer (b. 1732)
- May 26 - James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, Scottish judge (b. 1714)
- May 31 - Pierre Charles Le Monnier, French astronomer (b. 1715)
- June 6 - Patrick Henry, American revolutionary politician (b. 1736)
- August 2 - Jacques Étienne Montgolfier, French inventor (b. 1744)
- August 4 - John Bacon, British sculptor (b. 1740)
- August 5 - Richard Howe, British admiral (b. 1726)
- August 29 - Pope Pius VI (b. 1717)
- August 31 - Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect (b. 1720)
- September 7 - Louis Guillaume Lemonnier, French botanist (b. 1717)
- October 6 - William Withering, British physician (b. 1741)
- October 24 - Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf, Austrian composer (b. 1739)
- December 14 - George Washington, first President of the United States (b. 1732)
- December 18 - Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician (b. 1725)
- December 31 - Jean-François Marmontel, French historian and writer (b. 1723)