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|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1760s 1770s 1780s – 1790s – 1800s 1810s 1820s|
|Years:||1787 1788 1789 – 1790 – 1791 1792 1793|
|1790 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology – Architecture –|
|Art – Literature ( Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Countries: Australia – Canada – Great Britain – United States|
|Leaders: State leaders – Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1790
January - June
- January 8 - U.S. President George Washington gives the first State of the Union Address.
- January 30 - The first boat specialized as a lifeboat is tested on the River Tyne.
- February 1 - In New York City the Supreme Court of the United States convenes for the first time.
- February 4 - Louis XVI of France declares to the National Assembly that he will maintain the constitutional laws.
- February 11 - Religious Society of Friends petitions the United States Congress for the abolition of slavery.
- March 1 - The first United States census is authorized.
- March 4 - France is divided into 83 départements, which cut across the former provinces, in an attempt to dislodge regional loyalties based on noble ownership of land.
- March 21 - Thomas Jefferson reported to President George Washington in New York as the new Secretary of State of the United States.
- April 10 - United States Patent system is established.
- April 17 - Ben Franklin dies at age 84.
- May 13 - Battle of Reval: King Gustav III of Sweden sent the battlefleet to eliminate the Russian squadron wintering at Reval (Estonia), but is defeated: killing 8 Russians, 51 Swedes are killed, 250 captured, and 2 ships are sunk.
- May 29 - Rhode Island ratifies the United States Constitution and becomes the 13th U.S. state.
- June 20 - the famous dinner at the Jefferson Residence where Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton decided a compromise: Madison agreed to vote for the assumption of state debts by the federal government; Hamilton agreed to vote for the capitol to be above the Potomac. ( Compromise of 1790)
- June 23 - Alleged London Monster arrested in London: he later receives six years for three assaults.
July - December
- July 9 - Russo-Swedish War: Second Battle of Svensksund - In a massive Baltic Sea battle of 300 ships, the Swedish navy captures one third of the Russian fleet: 304 Swedes killed, 3500 Russians killed, 6000 captured, 51 Russian ships sunk & 22 taken.
- July 12 - French Revolution: Civil Constitution of the Clergy is passed. This completed the destruction of the monastic orders, legislating out of existence all regular and secular chapters for either sex, abbacies and priorships.
- July 14 - French Revolution: Citizens of Paris celebrate the constitutional monarchy and national reconciliation in the Fête de la Fédération.
- July 16 - The signing of the Residence Bill establishes a site along the Potomac River as the District of Columbia (seat of government) of the United States (see Washington, DC).
- July 27- Convention of Reichenbach signed between Prussia and Austria
- July 31 - Inventor Samuel Hopkins becomes the first to be issued a U.S. patent (for an improved method of making potash).
- August 4 - A newly passed U.S. tariff act creates the Revenue Cutter Service (the forerunner of the United States Coast Guard).
- December 11 - Russo-Turkish War, 1787-1792: 26,000 Turkish soldiers lose their lives during Suvorov's storm of Izmail.
- Prime Minister of Great Britain William Pitt refuses to recognize Belgian independence.
- Construction begins on the White House.
- U.S. Funding Bill is introduced by Alexander Hamilton.
- Georgetown, Maryland becomes federal capital of the United States.
- The first United States Census is taken. 757,181 blacks in a total US population of 3,929,625.
- Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor starts to rule.
|Ab urbe condita||2543|
|British Regnal year||30 Geo. 3 – 31 Geo. 3|
|Chinese calendar|| 己酉年十一月十六日
— to —庚戌年十一月廿六日
|- Vikram Samvat||1846–1847|
|- Shaka Samvat||1712–1713|
|- Kali Yuga||4891–4892|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||790–791|
|Japanese calendar|| Kansei 2
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||122 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2333|
- March 29 - John Tyler, 10th President of the United States (d. 1862)
- May 20 - Micajah Thomas Hawkins, American politician (d. 1858)
- May 23 - Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer (d. 1842)
- June 1 - Ferdinand Raimund, Austrian playwright (d. 1836)
- September 6 - John Green Crosse, English surgeon (d. 1850)
- November 17 - August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1868)
- November 21 - Edmund Lyons, 1st Baron Lyons, British admiral (d. 1858)
- December 8 - Augustus Meineke, German Classical Scholar (d. 1870)
- December 16 - Léopold I of Belgium (d. 1865)
- December 19 - William Edward Parry, English Arctic explorer (d. 1855)
- December 23 - Jean-François Champollion, French Egyptologist (d. 1832)
- probable - Lone Horn, Minneconjou chief (d.1875)
- January 13 - Luc Urbain de Bouexic, comte de Guichen, French admiral (b. 1712)
- January 15 - John Landen, English mathematician (b. 1719)
- January 31 - Thomas Lewis, Irish-born Virginia settler (b. 1718)
- February 5 - William Cullen, Scottish physician and chemist (b. 1710)
- February 20 - Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1741)
- March 12 - Andreas Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general (b. 1710)
- April 17 - Benjamin Franklin, American scientist and statesman (b. 1706)
- May 4 - Matthew Tilghman, American Continental Congressman (b. 1718)
- May 9 - William Clingan, American Continental Congressman
- May 16 - Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, English politician (b. 1720)
- May 21 - Thomas Warton, English poet (b. 1728)
- May 29 - Israel Putnam, American Revolutionary War general (b. 1718)
- July 3 - Jean-Baptiste L. Romé de l'Isle, French chemist (b. 1736)
- July 7 - François Hemsterhuis, Dutch philosopher (b. 1721)
- July 14 - Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal (b. 1717)
- July 17 - Adam Smith, Scottish economist and philosopher (b. 1723)
- July 25 - Johann Bernhard Basedow, German educational reformer (b. 1723)
- July 25 - William Livingston, Governor of New Jersey (b. 1723)
- September 2 - Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim, German historian and theologian (b. 1701)
- October 19 - Lyman Hall, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1724)
- November 6 - James Bowdoin, American Revolutionary leader and politician (b. 1726)
- November 16 - Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
- date unknown - John Hulse, English clergyman (b. 1708)