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|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1750s 1760s 1770s – 1780s – 1790s 1800s 1810s|
|Years:||1780 1781 1782 – 1783 – 1784 1785 1786|
|1783 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology – Architecture –|
|Art – Literature ( Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Countries: Canada – Great Britain – United States|
|Leaders: State leaders – Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
Year 1783 (MDCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1783
January - June
- February 3 - American Revolutionary War: [Britain]] recognizes United States independence.
- February 4
- March 5 - Last celebration of Massacre Day.
- April 15 - Preliminary articles of peace ending American Revolutionary War ratified.
- May 18 - Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada- First United Empire Loyalists reach Parrtown.
- June 4 or June 5 - The Montgolfier brothers publicly demonstrate their montgolfière (hot air balloon) in Annonay, France.
- June 8 - The volcano Laki, in Iceland, begins an eight-month eruption which kills 9350 people and starts a seven-year famine. Eruption causes deaths of livestock when they eat contaminated grass and also widespread crop failure.
- Effects of the Laki volcano were felt all over Europe. New evidence has been unearthed to conclude that this was one of "the greatest environmental catastrophies in European History"
July - December
- July 16 - Grants of land in Canada to American loyalists announced.
- July 24 - Treaty of Georgievsk between the Imperial Russia and the Kingdom of Kartli and Kakheti (Georgia).
- August 5 - Mount Asama erupts, causing turmoil in Edo period Japan.
- September 3 - American Revolutionary War ends: Treaty of Paris - A treaty between the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain is signed in Paris, ending the war.
- November 2 - In Rocky Hill, New Jersey, US General George Washington gives his "Farewell Address to the Army".
- November 21 - In Paris, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and François Laurent, marquis d'Arlandes, make the first untethered hot air balloon flight (flight time: 25 minutes, Maximum height: 5* miles).
- November 25 - American Revolutionary War: The last British troops leave New York City three months after the signing of the Treaty of Paris.
- December 4 - At Fraunces Tavern in New York City, US General George Washington formally bids his officers farewell.
- City of Sevastopol is founded on the Crimean peninsula of Russian Empire.
- United Empire Loyalists flee to Canada from the new United States.
- Treaty of Versailles is signed, ending hostilities between the Franco-Spanish Alliance and England.
- Loyalists from New York settle Great Abaco in the Bahamas.
- Ireland's last grey wolf was killed.
|Ab urbe condita||2536|
|British Regnal year||23 Geo. 3 – 24 Geo. 3|
|Chinese calendar|| 壬寅年十一月廿八日
— to —癸卯年十二月初八日
|- Vikram Samvat||1839–1840|
|- Shaka Samvat||1705–1706|
|- Kali Yuga||4884–4885|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||783–784|
|Japanese calendar|| Tenmei 3
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||129 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2326|
- January 20 - Justus Johann Friedrich Dotzauer, German cellist and composer (d. 1860)
- January 23 - Stendhal, French writer (d. 1842)
- March 8 - Hannah Van Buren (d. 1819)
- April 3 - Washington Irving, American author (d. 1859)
- July 24 - Simón Bolívar, Venezuelan patriot, revolutionary leader and statesman (d. 1830).
- September 17 - Samuel Prout, English painter (d. 1852)
- date unknown
- January 7 - William Tans'ur, English hymnist (b. 1700)
- February 6 - Capability Brown, English landscape gardener (b. 1716)
- March 23 - Charles Carroll, American lawyer and delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1723)
- March 30 - William Hunter, Scottish anatomist (b. 1718)
- March 31 - Nikita Ivanovich Panin, Russian statesman (b. 1718)
- April 16
- Benedict Joseph Labre, French saint (b. 1745)
- Christian Mayer, Czech astronomer (b. 1719)
- May 23 - James Otis, American lawyer and patriot (b. 1725)
- September 18
- Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician and physicist (b. 1707)
- Benjamin Kennicott, English churchman and Hebrew scholar (b. 1718)
- October 29 - Jean le Rond d'Alembert, French mathematician (b. 1717)
- November 22 - John Hanson, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1715)
- November 23 - Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (b. 1714)
- December 13 - Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer (b. 1717)
- December 16 - William James, British naval commander (b. 1720)