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|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1740s 1750s 1760s – 1770s – 1780s 1790s 1800s|
|Years:||1768 1769 1770 – 1771 – 1772 1773 1774|
|1771 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature ( Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Canada – Great Britain –|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2524|
|British Regnal year||11 Geo. 3 – 12 Geo. 3|
|Chinese calendar|| 庚寅年十一月十六日
— to —辛卯年十一月廿六日
|- Vikram Samvat||1827–1828|
|- Shaka Samvat||1693–1694|
|- Kali Yuga||4872–4873|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||771–772|
|Japanese calendar|| Meiwa 8
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||141 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2314|
Year 1771 (MDCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.
- January 5 – Great Kalmyk ( Torghut) Migration under Ubashi Khan from the east bank of the Lower Volga River back to the homeland of Dzungaria, at this time under Qing Dynasty rule.
- January 9 – Emperor Go-Momozono accedes to the throne of Japan, following his aunt's abdication.
- March – War of the Regulation: North Carolina Governor William Tryon raises a militia to put down the long running uprising of backcountry militias against North Carolina's colonial government.
- March 12 – The North Carolina General Assembly establishes Wake County (named for Margaret Wake, the wife of North Carolina Royal Governor William Tryon) from portions of Cumberland, Johnston and Orange counties. Bloomsbury (later known as Wake Courthouse) is made the informal county seat.
- May 11 – War of the Regulation: North Carolina Governor William Tryon marches his militia out of Hillsborough to come to the aid of General Hugh Waddell's beleaguered forces. Tryon's army stops at Alamance Creek, 5 miles (8.0 km) away from the Regulator army.
- May 16 – War of the Regulation: The Battle of Alamance commences after Regulators reject an appeal by Governor Tryon to peacefully disperse. Governor Tryon's forces crush the rebellion, causing many Regulators to move to frontier areas outside of North Carolina.
- May 23 – Battle of Lanckorona: A force of 4,000 Russians under Alexander Suvorov defeat a Polish formation of 1,300 men.
- May – The Three battles of Sarbakusa: an alliance of three of the most powerful aristocrats of Ethiopia – Goshu of Amhara, Wand Bewossen, and Fasil of Damot – defeats Ras Mikael Sehul and Emperor Tekle Haymanot I, taking control of Ethiopia.
- July 13 – Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774: Russian forces occupy the Crimea under Prince Vasily Dolgorukov.
- July 17 – Bloody Falls Massacre: Chipewyan chief Matonabbee, traveling as the guide to Samuel Hearne on his Arctic overland journey, massacres a group of unsuspecting Inuit.
- August 8 – The first recorded town cricket match at Horsham in England is played.
- September 8 – In California, Fathers Pedro Cambon and Angel Somera found the Mission San Gabriel Arcangel in what is now San Gabriel, California.
- September 15– 17 – Plague Riot in Moscow resulting from an outbreak of bubonic plague which kills 57,000.
- October 9 – The Dutch merchant ship Vrouw Maria sinks off the coast of Finland; Captain Raymund Lourens and his crew escape unharmed.
- November 16 – During the night the River Tyne, England, floods, destroying many bridges and killing several people; the replacement main bridge at Newcastle upon Tyne will not be completed until 1781.
- November 17 – Premiere in Milan of the opera Ascanio in Alba by Wolfgang Mozart, age 15.
- The territory of Baden-Baden is inherited by the Margrave of Baden-Durlach, forming Baden.
- The trade monopoly with Iceland is transferred to the Danish crown.
- The North Carolina General Assembly passes an act establishing the town of Martinsborough, named for Royal Governor Josiah Martin, on the land of Richard Evans, which will serve as the county seat of Pitt County.
- Construction of the Putuo Zongcheng Temple complex in Chengde, China is completed during the reign of the Qianlong Emperor.
- Society of Civil Engineers first meets (in London), the world's oldest engineering society.
- Slovene literature: István Küzmics, the Hungarian Slovene writer and evangelical pastor, publishes (in Halle) the Nouvi Zákon, a translation of the New Testament into the Prekmurje Slovene language, with discrete South Slavic artwork.
- March 20 – Heinrich Clauren, German author (d. 1854)
- March 25 – Germanos of Patras, Greek Metropolitan Bishop of Patras (d. 1826)
- April 13 – Richard Trevithick, English inventor (d. 1833)
- April 18 – Karl Philipp Fürst zu Schwarzenberg, Austrian field marshal (d. 1820)
- April 27 – Jean Rapp, French general (d. 1821)
- May 16 – Louis Henri Loison, French general (d. 1816)
- June 5 – Ernest Augustus I of Hanover (d. 1851)
- August 15 – Sir Walter Scott, Scottish novelist and poet (d. 1832)
- September 5 – Archduke Charles of Austria, Austrian general and statesman (d. 1847)
- September 17 – Johann August Apel, German writer and jurist (d. 1816)
- September 23 – Emperor Kokaku of Japan (d. 1840)
- October 9 – Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick (d. 1815)
- October 23 – Jean-Andoche Junot, French general (d. 1813)
- November 14 – Marie François Xavier Bichat, French anatomist and physiologist (d. 1802)
- January 5 – John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, British statesman (b. 1710)
- January 11 – Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d'Argens, French writer (b. 1704)
- February 12 – King Adolf Frederick of Sweden (b. 1710)
- February 20 – Jean Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan, French geophysicist (b. 1678)
- March 8 – Louis August le Clerc, French-born sculptor (b. 1688)
- May 21 – Christopher Smart, English poet (b. 1722)
- June 8 – George Montague-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, English statesman (b. 1716)
- July 30 – Thomas Gray, English writer (b. 1716)
- September 17 – Tobias Smollett, Scottish novelist (b. 1721)
- November 6 – John Bevis, English physician and astronomer (b. 1695)
- November 13 – Konrad Ernst Ackermann, German actor (b. 1712)
- December 6 – Giovanni Battista Morgagni, Italian anatomist (b. 1682)
- December 23 – Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, Canadian saint (b. 1701)
- December 26 – Claude Adrien Helvétius, French philosopher (b. 1715)
- December 27 – Henri Pitot, Italian-born French engineer (b. 1695)