|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1730s 1740s 1750s – 1760s – 1770s 1780s 1790s|
|Years:||1760 1761 1762 – 1763 – 1764 1765 1766|
|1763 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology – Architecture –|
|Art – Literature ( Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Countries: Canada – Great Britain –|
|Leaders: State leaders – Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
Year 1763 (MDCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1763
January - June
- February 1 - The Royal Colony of North Carolina officially creates Mecklenburg County from the western portion of Anson County. The county is named for Queen Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who married King George III in 1761.
- February 10 - French and Indian War: The 1763 Treaty of Paris ends the war and France cedes Canada to Great Britain.
- February 15 - the Treaty of Hubertusburg puts an end to the Seven Years' War between Prussia and Austria and their allies.
- February 23 - Berbice Slave Uprising starts in the former Dutch colony of Berbice.
- March 1 - Charles Townshend becomes President of the Board of Trade in the British government.
- May 7 - Chief Pontiac begins the "Conspiracy of Pontiac" by attacking British forces at Fort Detroit.
- June 2 - Pontiac's Rebellion: At what is now Mackinaw City, Michigan, Chippewas capture Fort Michilimackinac by diverting the garrison's attention with a game of lacrosse, then chasing a ball into the fort.
- June 28 - Earthquake occurs in Komarom, Hungary.
July - December
- August 5 - Pontiac's War - Battle of Bushy Run - British forces led by Henry Bouquet defeat Chief Pontiac's Indians at Bushy Run in the Pennsylvania backcountry.
- September 1 - Catherine II of Russia endorses Ivan Betskoy's plans for a Foundling Home in Moscow
- October 7 - The Royal Proclamation of 1763 is issued by King George III.
- First publication is made of Bayes' theorem.
- Fire in Smyrna, Turkey destroys 2,600 houses.
- Mir Kasim of Bengal destroys the English garrison in Patna.
- The English defeat Mir Kasim at Katwah, Murshidabad, Giria, Sooty, Udayanala and Monghyr.
|Ab urbe condita||2516|
|British Regnal year||3 Geo. 3 – 4 Geo. 3|
|Chinese calendar|| 壬午年十一月十八日
— to —癸未年十一月廿七日
|- Vikram Samvat||1819–1820|
|- Shaka Samvat||1685–1686|
|- Kali Yuga||4864–4865|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||763–764|
|Japanese calendar|| Hōreki 13
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||149 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2306|
- January 8 - Edmond Charles Genêt, French ambassador to the United States during the French Revolution (died 1834)
- January 24 - Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (died 1831)
- January 26 - Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, Marshal of France, King Charles XIV John of Sweden, and Charles III John of Norway (died 1844)
- February 14 - Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general (died 1813)
- March 9 - William Cobbett, English journalist and author (died 1835)
- March 13 - Guillaume Marie Anne Brune, Marshal of France (died 1815)
- March 21 - Jean Paul, German writer (died 1825)
- May 7 - Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish prince and Marshal of France (died 1813)
- May 21 - Joseph Fouché, French statesman (died 1820)
- June 20 - Theobald Wolfe Tone, Irish patriot (died 1798)
- June 23 - Josephine de Beauharnais, Empress of France (died 1814)
- July 17 - John Jacob Astor, German-born entrepreneur (died 1848)
- August 17 - Dmitry Senyavin, Russian admiral (died 1831)
- December 25 - Claude Chappe, French telecommunication pioneer (died 1805)
- December 28 - John Molson, Canadian entrepreneur (died 1836)
- December 31 - Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral (died 1806)
- January 11 - Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (born 1676)
- January 22 - John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville, English statesman (born 1690)
- January 29 - Louis Racine, French poet (born 1692)
- February 11 - William Shenstone, English poet (born 1714)
- February 12 - Pierre de Marivaux, French writer (born 1688)
- May 3 - George Psalmanazar, British impostor (born c. 1679)
- August 21 - Charles Wyndham, 2nd Earl of Egremont, British statesman (born 1710)
- September 26 - John Byrom, English poet (born 1692)
- October 28 - Heinrich, count von Brühl, German statesman (born 1700)
- November 23 - Friedrich Graf von Seckendorf, German soldier (born 1673)
- December 17 - Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony (born 1722)
- December 23 - Antoine François Prévost, writer (born 1697)