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|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1730s 1740s 1750s – 1760s – 1770s 1780s 1790s|
|Years:||1759 1760 1761 – 1762 – 1763 1764 1765|
|1762 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology – Architecture –|
|Art – Literature ( Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Countries: Canada – Great Britain –|
|Leaders: State leaders – Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
Year 1762 (MDCCLXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1762
January - June
- January 4 - Britain declares war on Spain and Naples.
- January 5 - Death of the Empress Elisabeth of Russia, who is succeeded by her nephew Peter III. Peter, an admirer of Frederick the Great, immediately opens peace negotiations with the Prussians.
- May 15 - The Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1762) ends the war between Russia and Prussia.
- May 22 - The Treaty of Hamburg takes Sweden out of the war against Prussia.
- June 24 - The Battle of Wilhelmstal is fought. The Anglo-Hanoverian army of Ferdinand of Brunswick defeats the French forces in Westphalia. The British commander Lord Granby distinguishes himself.
July - December
- July 9 - Catherine II becomes empress of Russia upon the deposition of her husband Peter III. The incipient Russo-Prussian alliance falls apart, but Russia does not rejoin the war.
- July 21 - Battle of Burkersdorf. In his last major battle, Frederick defeats Marshal Daun in Silesia.
- August 10 - British East India Company seizes the port city of Manila, Philippines from the Spaniards.
- September 15 - Battle of Signal Hill is fought.
- October 5 - The British take Manila and make it an Open Port.
- October 29. Battle of Freiberg - Prince Henry of Prussia, Frederick's brother, defeats the Austrian army of Marshal Serbelloni.
- Jean-Jacques Rousseau first publishes The Social Contract (Du Contrat Social).
- Louis XV orders the construction of the Petit Trianon, in the park of the Palace of Versailles, for his mistress Madame de Pompadour.
- Neolin begins to preach.
- Empress Go-Sakuramachi ascends to the throne of Japan, succeeding Emperor Momozono.
- The North Carolina General Assembly incorporates Kingston, named for King George III of the United Kingdom, as the county seat of Dobbs County, North Carolina. The name is later shortened to Kinston in 1784.
|Ab urbe condita||2515|
|British Regnal year||2 Geo. 3 – 3 Geo. 3|
|Chinese calendar|| 辛巳年十二月初七日
— to —壬午年十一月十七日
|- Vikram Samvat||1818–1819|
|- Shaka Samvat||1684–1685|
|- Kali Yuga||4863–4864|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||762–763|
|Japanese calendar|| Hōreki 12
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||150 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2305|
- April 29 - Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, French marshal (d. 1833)
- May 19 - Johann Gottlieb Fichte, German philosopher (d. 1814)
- August 12 - King George IV of the United Kingdom (d. 1830)
- September 11 - Joanna Baillie, Scottish writer (d. 1851)
- October 23 - Samuel Morey, American inventor (d. 1843)
- October 30 - André Chénier, French writer (d. 1794)
- November 1 - Spencer Perceval, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1812)
- January 5 - Elizabeth of Russia (b. 1709)
- January 11 - Louis-François Roubiliac, French sculptor (b. 1695)
- February 11 - Johann Tobias Krebs, German composer (b. 1690)
- February 12 - Laurent Belissen, French composer (b. 1693)
- February 20 - Tobias Mayer, German astronomer (b. 1723)
- March 21 - Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, French astronomer (b. 1713)
- May 26 - Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, German philosopher (b. 1714)
- June 17 - Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon, French writer (b. 1674)
- June 19 - Johann Ernst Eberlin, German composer (b. 1702)
- July 13 - James Bradley, English Astronomer Royal (b. 1693)
- July 28 - George Dodington, 1st Baron Melcombe, English politician (b. 1691)
- August 21 - Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, English writer (b. 1689)
- August 31 - Emperor Momozono of Japan (b. 1741)
- September 17 - Francesco Geminiani, Italian composer (b. 1687)
- October 6 - Francesco Manfredini, Italian composer (b. 1684)