|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1730s 1740s 1750s – 1760s – 1770s 1780s 1790s|
|Years:||1758 1759 1760 – 1761 – 1762 1763 1764|
|1761 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology – Architecture –|
|Art – Literature ( Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Countries: Canada – Great Britain –|
|Leaders: State leaders – Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
Year 1761 (MDCCLXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1761
January - June
- January 14 - Third Battle of Panipat was fought between Marathas and Afghans.
- January 16 - British capture Pondicherry, India from the French.
- February 8 - An earthquake in London breaks chimneys in Limehouse and Poplar.
- March 8 - A second earthquake occurs in North London, Hampstead and Highgate.
- June 6 - A transit of Venus occurred, and was observed from 120 locations around the Earth.
July - December
- September 19 - Slave trade to and within Portugal mainland is forbidden.
- December 16 - Seven Years' War: After four months of siege, the Russians under Pyotr Rumyantsev take the Prussian fortress of Kolobrzeg.
- In Dutch Guyana, a "state" formed by escaped slaves signs a treaty with the local governor.
- Opening of Matthew Boulton's Soho Manufactory.
- The tune to " Twinkle Twinkle Little Star" is published in France.
- French and Indian War (1754–1763)
- Seven Years' War (1756–1763)
|Ab urbe condita||2514|
|British Regnal year||1 Geo. 3 – 2 Geo. 3|
|Chinese calendar|| 庚辰年十一月廿六日
— to —辛巳年十二月初六日
|- Vikram Samvat||1817–1818|
|- Shaka Samvat||1683–1684|
|- Kali Yuga||4862–4863|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||761–762|
|Japanese calendar|| Hōreki 11
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||151 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2304|
- January 17 - James Hall, Scottish geologist (died 1832)
- February 1 - Christian Hendrik Persoon, South African mycologist (died 1836)
- February 16 - Charles Pichegru, French general (died 1804)
- March 6 - Antoine-Francois Andreossy, French general (died 1828)
- May 3 - August von Kotzebue, German dramatist (died 1819)
- October 27 - Matthew Baillie, Scottish physician and pathologist (died 1823)
- November 4 - Bertrand Andrieu, French engraver of medals (died 1822)
- November 13 - John Moore, British general (died 1809)
- November 20 - Pope Pius VIII (died 1850)
- December 1 - Marie Tussaud, French wax modeller (died 1850)
- date unknown - Henry Shrapnel, British Army officer and inventor (died 1842)
- January 4 - Stephen Hales, English physiologist, chemist, and inventor (born 1677)
- January 10 - Edward Boscawen, British admiral (born 1711)
- February 1 - Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, French historian (born 1682)
- April 4 - Theodore Gardelle, Swiss painter and enameler (born 1722)
- April 9 - William Law, English minister (born 1686)
- April 15 - Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician (born 1682)
- April 17 - Thomas Bayes, English mathematician (born c. 1702)
- May 14 - Thomas Simpson, British mathematician (born 1710)
- June 2 - Jonas Alströmer, Swedish industrialist (born 1685)
- July 4 - Samuel Richardson, English writer (born 1689)
- July 9 - Carl Gotthelf Gerlach, German organist (born 1704)
- July 13 - Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (born 1712)
- August 3 - Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar (born 1691)
- September 8 - Bernard Forest de Bélidor, French engineer (born 1698)
- November 30 - John Dollond, English optician (born 1706)
- December 23 - Alestair Ruadh MacDonnell, Scottish Jacobite spy (born c. 1725)