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|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1720s 1730s 1740s – 1750s – 1760s 1770s 1780s|
|Years:||1755 1756 1757 – 1758 – 1759 1760 1761|
|1758 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology – Architecture –|
|Art – Literature ( Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Countries: Canada – Great Britain –|
|Leaders: State leaders – Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
Year 1758 (MDCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1758
January - June
- April 29 - Battle of Cuddalore: A British fleet under Sir George Pocock engages the French fleet of Anne Antoine d'Aché indecisively near Madras.
- May 21 - Seven Years' War: French and Indian War: Mary Campbell is abducted from her home in Pennsylvania by Lenape.
- June 12 - Seven Years' War: French and Indian War: Siege of Louisbourg: James Wolfe's attack at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia commences.
- June 23 - Seven Years' War: Battle of Krefeld - Anglo-Hanoverian forces under Ferdinand of Brunswick defeat the French.
- June 30 - Seven Years' War: Battle of Domstadtl - Austrian forces under Ernst Gideon von Laudon and Joseph von Siskovits routed an enormous convoy with supplies for Prussian army guarded by strong troops of Hans Joachim von Zieten.
July - December
- July 6
- Pope Clement XIII succeeds Pope Benedict XIV as the 248th pope.
- Seven Years' War: Battle of Bernetz Brook
- July 8 - Seven Years' War: French and Indian War: French forces hold Fort Carillon against British at Ticonderoga, New York.
- July 25 - Seven Years' War: French and Indian War: The island battery at Fortress Louisbourg is silenced and all French warships are destroyed or taken.
- August 3 - Seven Years' War: Battle of Negapatam: Off the coast of India, Admiral Pocock again engages d'Aché's French fleet, this time with more success.
- August 25 - Seven Years' War: Battle of Zorndorf: Frederick defeats the Russian army of Count Wilhelm Fermor near the Oder.
- September 1 - The town of Stephensburgh, Virginia was chartered and founded. Stephensburgh is known today as Stephens City.
- September 3 - Tavora affair: attempted assassination of Joseph I of Portugal.
- September 14 - Seven Years' War: French and Indian War: Battle of Fort Duquesne: A British attack on Fort Duquesne is defeated.
- October 14 - Seven Years' War: Battle of Hochkirch: Frederick loses a hard-fought
battle against the Austrians under Marshal Leopold von Daun, who besieges Dresden.
- October 16 - Seven Years' War: Battle of Clostercamp
- November 25 - Seven Years' War: French and Indian War: French forces abandon Fort Duquesne to the British who then name the area Pittsburgh.
- December 25 - Halley's Comet appears for the first time after Halley's discovery of it.
- First European settlement in what is now Erie County by the French at the mouth of Buffalo Creek.
- Rudjer Boscovich publishes his atomic theory in Theoria philosophiae naturalis redacta ad unicam legem virium in nalura existentium.
- James Abercrombie replaces the Earl of Loudoun as supreme commander in the American colonies. He is replaced himself after failing to take the fort at Ticonderoga.
- Fire destroys part of Oslo, then called Christiania.
- Carolus Linnaeus publishes the first volume (Animalia) of the tenth edition of his Systema Naturae, the starting point of modern zoological nomenclature.
- First Isakov family member was mentioned in Melenci. his name was Trifun Isakov.
|Ab urbe condita||2511|
|British Regnal year||31 Geo. 2 – 32 Geo. 2|
|Chinese calendar|| 丁丑年十一月廿二日
— to —戊寅年十二月初二日
|- Vikram Samvat||1814–1815|
|- Shaka Samvat||1680–1681|
|- Kali Yuga||4859–4860|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||758–759|
|Japanese calendar|| Hōreki 8
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||154 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2301|
- January 6 - Charles Ganilh, French economist and politician (died 1836)
- January 9 - George Leveson-Gower, 1st Duke of Sutherland (died 1833)
- January 11 - François Louis Bourdon, French Revolutionary politician (died 1797)
- January 24 - Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd Earl of Bessborough (died 1844)
- February - John Pinkerton, British antiquarian (died 1826)
- February 1 - Jacques Antoine Marie de Cazalès, French orator and politician (died 1805)
- February 2 - George Thicknesse, 19th Baron Audley (died 1818)
- February 1 - David Ochterlony (died 1825)
- February 3
- February 25 - Joseph McDowell, U.S. Representative for North Carolina (died 1799)
- February 28 - Nicolas François, Count Mollien, French financier (died 1850)
- March 6 - William Russell, U.S. soldier (died 1825)
- March 9 - Franz Joseph Gall, German pioneering neuroanatomist (died 1828)
- March 12 - Leopold Karel, Count of Limburg Stirum (died 1840)
- March 25 - Richard Dobbs Spaight, Governor of North Carolina (died 1802)
- April 1 - Benjamin Mooers, U.S. soldier (died 1838)
- April 4
- April 16 - Christian Karl August Ludwig von Massenbach, Prussian soldier (died 1827)
- April 19 - Fisher Ames, U.S. Congressman for Massachusetts (died 1808)
- April 22 - Francisco Javier Castaños, 1st Duke of Bailén, Spanish general (died 1852)
- April 23
- April 27 - Charles Dumont de Sainte Croix, French zoologist (died 1830)
- April 28 - James Monroe, 5th President of the United States (died 1831)
- April 29 - Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish soldier (died 1820)
- May 6
- May 8 - John Heath, U.S. Representative for Virginia (died 1810)
- May 15 - Thomas Taylor, British translator (died 1835)
- May 17
- June 19 - Raffaello Sanzio Morghen, Italian engraver (died 1833)
- June 30 - James Stephen, British lawyer (died 1832)
- July 25 - Elizabeth Hamilton, English writer (died 1816)
- July 31 - Jeremiah Colegrove, U.S. farmer, manufacturer and soldier (died 1836)
- August - Thomas Picton, British soldier (died 1815)
- August 2 - William Campbell, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Upper Canada and a resident of Toronto (died 1834)
- August 5 - Emperor Go-Momozono (died 1779)
- August 10 - Armand Gensonné, French politician (died 1793)
- August 14 - Antoine Charles Horace Vernet, French painter (died 1835)
- August 24
- August 25 - Israel Pellew, English naval officer (died 1832)
- September 1 - George Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer, English Whig politician (died 1834)
- September 9 - Alexander Nasmyth, Scottish portrait and landscape painter (died 1840)
- September 10 - Hannah Webster Foster, U.S. novelist (died 1840)
- September 18 - Louis Friant, French Napoleonic soldier (died 1829)
- September 20 - Jean-Jacques Dessalines, leader of the Haïtian Revolution (died 1806)
- September 21
- September 25 - Maria Anna Thekla Mozart, cousin of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (died 1841)
- September 26 - Cosme Argerich, Argentine Surgeon General (died 1820)
- September 29
- October 7 - Joshua Coit, U.S. lawyer and politician (died 1798)
- October 11 - Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers, German astronomer (died 1840)
- October 12
- October 15 - Johann Heinrich von Dannecker, German sculptor (died 1841)
- October 16
- October 28 - John Sibthorp, English botanist (died 1796)
- October 28 - Joseph-François-Louis-Charles de Damas, French general (died 1829)
- November 5 - Louis-Marie Aubert du Petit-Thouars, French botanist (died 1831)
- November 11
- Carl Friedrich Zelter, German composer (died 1832)
- Caleb P. Bennett, U.S. soldier and politician (died 717)
- November 12 - Jean Joseph Mounier, French politician (died 1806)
- November 16 - Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist (died 1841)
- November 20 - Abraham B. Venable, U.S. Representative for Virginia (died 1811)
- November 25 - John Armstrong, Jr., U.S. soldier and statesman (died 1843)
- December 5 - George Beauclerk, 4th Duke of St Albans (died 1787)
- December 9 - Richard Colt Hoare, English antiquarian and archaeologist (died 1838)
- December 21 - Jean Baptiste Eblé, French general (died 1812)
- December 23 - John M. Vining, U.S. Representative for Delaware (died 1802)
- date unknown
- Charles d'Abancour, French statesman (died 1792)
- Georges Antoine Chabot, French jurist and statesman (died 1819)
- Vincenzo, Count Dandolo, Italian chemist and agriculturist (died 1819)
- Nicholas Fish, U.S. Revolutionary soldier (died 1833)
- Anthimos Gazis, Greek scholar and philosopher (died 1828)
- Thomas Gisbourne, Anglican priest and abolitionist (died 1846)
- Samuel Hardy, U.S. lawyer and statesman from Virginia (died 1785)
- Jamphel Gyatso, 8th Dalai Lama (died 1804)
- Charles Lee, U.S. Attorney General (died 1815)
- Joseph McMinn, governor of Tennessee (died 1824)
- Samuel Sterett, U.S. Representative for Maryland (died 1833)
- Watkin Tench, British Marine officer (died 1833)
- Jane West, English writer (died 1852)
- Samuel Whitbread, English politician (died 1815)
- probable - Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (died c. 1819)
- January 7 - Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (born 1686)
- January 17 - James Hamilton, 6th Duke of Hamilton, Scottish peer (born 1724)
- January 18 - François Nicole, French mathematician (born 1683)
- February 10 - Thomas Ripley, English architect (born 1683)
- March 2 - Pierre Guérin de Tencin, French cardinal (born 1679)
- March 6 - Henry Vane, 1st Earl of Darlington, English politician (born c. 1705)
- March 18 - Matthew Hutton, Archbishop of Canterbury (born 1693)
- March 22
- Jonathan Edwards, U.S. minister (born 1703)
- Richard Leveridge, English bass and composer (born 1670)
- April 7 - Joseph Blanchard, American soldier (born 1704)
- April 22 - Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist (born 1686)
- April 30 - François d'Agincourt, French composer (born 1684)
- May 3 - Pope Benedict XIV (born 1675)
- May 28 - Ernst August II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar and Eisenach (born 1737)
- June 3 - Charles Butler, 1st Earl of Arran (born 1671)
- June 9 - Antonio de los Reyes Correa, Puerto Rican soldier
- June 12 - Prince Augustus William of Prussia (born 1722)
- July 6 - George Howe, 3rd Viscount Howe, British general (killed in battle) (born c. 1725)
- July 15 - Ambrosius Stub, Danish poet (born 1705)
- July 18 - Duncan Campbell, Scottish soldier
- August 2 - George Booth, 2nd Earl of Warrington (born 1675)
- August 15 - Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (born 1698)
- August 17 - Stepan Fedorovich Apraksin, Russian soldier (born 1702)
- August 27 - Barbara of Portugal, Princess of Portugal and Queen of Spain (born 1711)
- September 5 - Dmitry Ivanovich Vinogradov, Russian chemist (born c. 1720)
- September 23 - John FitzPatrick, 1st Earl of Upper Ossory (born 1719)
- October 12 - Richard Molesworth, 3rd Viscount Molesworth, British field marshal (born 1680)
- October 14
- Wilhelmine of Bayreuth, daughter of Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia (born 1709)
- Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal (born 1696)
- October 20 - Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough, British politician (born 1706)
- November 5 - Hans Egede, Norwegian Lutheran missionary (born 1686)
- November 12 - John Cockburn, Scottish politician
- November 20 - Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish composer (born 1694)
- November 22 - Richard Edgcumbe, 1st Baron Edgcumbe, English politician (born 1680)
- December 5 - Johann Friedrich Fasch, German composer (born 1688)
- December 12 - Françoise de Graffigny, French lettrist (born 1695)
- December 15 - John Dyer, Welsh poet (born 1699)
- December 16 - Andrzej Stanisław Załuski, Polish-Lithuanian bishop (born 1695)
- December 25 - James Hervey, English clergyman and writer (born 1714)
- December 26 - François Joseph Lagrange-Chancel, French dramatist and satirist (born 1677)
- date unknown
- Theophilus Cibber, English actor (born 1703)
- François Mackandal, Haitian revolutionary leader
- Nathaniel Meserve, American shipwright (born 1704)
- Philip Southcote, English landscape gardener (born 1698)
- Marthanda Varma, Rani of Attingal (born 1706)