|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1720s 1730s 1740s – 1750s – 1760s 1770s 1780s|
|Years:||1750 1751 1752 – 1753 – 1754 1755 1756|
|1753 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology – Architecture –|
|Art – Literature ( Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Countries: Canada – Great Britain –|
|Leaders: State leaders – Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
Year 1753 (MDCCLIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1753
January - June
- January 13 - Sentenced conspirators of the Tavora affair are executed.
- January 29 - After a month's absence, Elizabeth Canning returns to her mother's home in London and claims that she was abducted. The following criminal trial causes uproar.
- March 1 - Sweden adopts Gregorian calendar.
- April 5 - Founding charter of the British Museum is enacted.
July - December
- October 31 - Virginia Lieut. Gov. Robert Dinwiddie commissions 21-year-old militia Maj. George Washington to dissuade the French from occupying the Ohio Country. Seven Years' War, the first global conflict, ensues.
- British Parliament extends citizenship to Jews.
- Publication of Species Plantarum by Linnaeus on 1st May, adopted by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature as the formal start date of the scientific classification of plants.
- James Lind writes A Treatise of the Scurvy.
- Cramer family starts brewing operation including the current major brand Warsteiner
- Samuel Johnson is still writing A Dictionary of the English Language begun in 1746.
- Revolt of the Comuneros (New Granada)
|Ab urbe condita||2506|
|British Regnal year||26 Geo. 2 – 27 Geo. 2|
|Chinese calendar|| 壬申年十一月廿七日
— to —癸酉年十二月初八日
|- Vikram Samvat||1809–1810|
|- Shaka Samvat||1675–1676|
|- Kali Yuga||4854–4855|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||753–754|
|Japanese calendar|| Hōreki 3
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||159 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2296|
- February 12 - François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers, French admiral (died 1798)
- February 20 - Louis Alexandre Berthier, French marshal (died 1815)
- March 8 - William Roscoe, English writer (died 1831)
- March 9 - Jean-Baptiste Kleber, French general (died 1800)
- March 26 - Benjamin Thompson, American physicist and inventor (died 1814)
- April 3 - Simon Willard, celebrated American horologist (died 1848)
- May 8 - Miguel Hidalgo, Mexican Catholic priest and revolutionary (died 1811)
- May 13 - Lazare Nicholas Marguerite Carnot, French general, politician, and mathematician (died 1823)
- July 9 - William Waldegrave, 1st Baron Radstock, Governor of Newfoundland (died 1825)
- August 10 - Edmund Randolph, American politician (died 1813)
- August 12 - Thomas Bewick, English wood engraver (died 1828)
- September 10 - John Soane, British architect (died 1837)
- November 6 - Jean-Baptiste Breval, French composer (died 1823)
- December 3 - Samuel Crompton, English inventor (died 1827)
- date unknown
- January 11 - Sir Hans Sloane, Irish physician (born 1660)
- January 14 - George Berkeley, Irish philosopher (born 1685)
- January 23 - Anne, Duchess of Maine (born 1676)
- February 16 - Giacomo Facco, composer (born 1676)
- May 23 - Franciszka Urszula Radziwiłłowa, dramatist (born 1705)
- June 7 - Archibald Cameron of Locheil (b. 1707) (last Jacobite to be executed for treason)
- August 6 - Georg Wilhelm Richmann, Russian physicist (struck by lightning) (born 1711)
- August 19 - Balthasar Neumann, German architect and military engineer (born 1687)
- December 15 - Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect (born 1694)