|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1720s 1730s 1740s – 1750s – 1760s 1770s 1780s|
|Years:||1748 1749 1750 – 1751 – 1752 1753 1754|
|1751 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology – Architecture –|
|Art – Literature ( Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Countries: Canada – Great Britain –|
|Leaders: State leaders – Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
Year 1751 (MDCCLI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1751
January - June
- March 25 - For the last time, New Year's Day is legally on March 25 in England and Wales.
- March 25 - Upon his death, Frederick I of Sweden is succeeded as king by Adolf Frederick.
- April 20 - The future King George III of the United Kingdom succeeds his father as heir-apparent to the British throne (later that year, he's named Prince of Wales). His mother Augusta of Saxe-Gotha becomes Dowager Princess of Wales.
- May 11 - The Pennsylvania legislature grants a charter to Benjamin Franklin and Dr. Thomas Bond for the establishment in Philadelphia of the first hospital in the Colonies.
July - December
- July 31 - Fire destroys 1,000 houses in Stockholm.
- August 13 - The Academy and College of Philadelphia, predecessor to the private University of Pennsylvania, opened its doors, with Benjamin Franklin as president.
- October 27 - Beginning of Hōreki period in Japan.
- Adam Smith is appointed professor of logic at the University of Glasgow.
- First publication of Encyclopédie.
- Glasgow Medical School is founded.
|Ab urbe condita||2504|
|British Regnal year||24 Geo. 2 – 25 Geo. 2|
|Chinese calendar|| 庚午年十二月初四日
— to —辛未年十一月十四日
|- Vikram Samvat||1807–1808|
|- Shaka Samvat||1673–1674|
|- Kali Yuga||4852–4853|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||751–752|
|Japanese calendar|| Kan'en 4 Hōreki 1
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||161 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2294|
- January 12 - Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (died 1825)
- February 20 - Johann Heinrich Voß, German poet (died 1826)
- March 16 - James Madison, 4th President of the United States (died 1836)
- May 24 - Charles Emmanuel IV of Savoy, King of Sardinia (died 1819)
- July 11 - Caroline Matilda of Wales (died 1775)
- October 30 - Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Irish dramatist and politician (died 1816)
- date unknown - Thomas Sheraton, English furniture designer (died 1806)
- January 17 - Tomaso Albinoni, Italian composer (born 1671)
- January 20 - John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol, English politician (born 1665)
- January 25 - Paul Dudley, Attorney-General of Massachusetts (born 1675)
- February 5 - Henri François d'Aguesseau, Chancellor of France (born 1668)
- March 25 - King Frederick I of Sweden (born 1676)
- March 29 - Thomas Coram, English sea captain and philanthropist (born c. 1668)
- March 31 - Frederick, Prince of Wales (born 1707)
- April 19 - Peter Lacy, Irish-born Russian Field marshal (born 1678)
- August 30 - Christopher Polhem, Swedish scientist (born 1661)
- October 22 - Prince William IV of Orange (born 1711)
- October 26 - Philip Doddridge, English religious leader (born 1702)
- December 12 - Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, English statesman and philosopher (born 1678)
- December 16 - Leopold II of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian general (born 1700)
- December 19 - Louise of Great Britain, queen of Frederick V of Denmark (born 1724)