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File:Woman teaching geometry.jpg


English: Detail of a scene in the bowl of the letter 'P' with a woman with a set-square and dividers; using a compass to measure distances on a diagram. In her left hand she holds a square, an implement for testing or drawing right angles. She is watched by a group of students. In the Middle Ages, it is unusual to see women represented as teachers, in particular when the students appear to be monks. She is most likely the personification of Geometry, based on Martianus Capella's famous book De Nuptiis Philologiae et Mercurii, [5th c.] a standard source for allegorical imagery of the seven liberal arts. Illustration at the beginning of Euclid's Elementa, in the translation attributed to Adelard of Bath.
Français : Détail d'une enluminure du XIVe siècle, contrepoinçon d'une lettre capitale P, au début des Éléments d'Euclide, dans une traduction attribuée à Adélar de Bath. Une femme porte une équerre d'une main et utilise un compas de l'autre pour mesurer des distances sur un diagramme. Un groupe de moines, apparemment ses étudiants, la regardent. Au moyen-age, la représentation d'une femme dans un rôle d'enseignant est inhabituelle. La femme représentée ici serait donc plutôt une personnification de la géométrie.
Date 1309 - 1316
Britishlibrary.gif This file has been provided by the British Library from its digital collections.
Catalogue entry: Burney 275

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English: Woman teaching geometry, from Euclid's Elements.
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