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File:Eastern Frontier, Cape of Good Hope, ca 1835.png


Description Eastern frontier of the Cape of Good Hope colony, ca 1835
   Settled colonial area, showing districts established in 1820 (in various shades)
   Neutral zone since 1820, as agreed by Lord Charles Somerset and the Gaika (Ngqika) tribe of the Xhosas
   Tribal areas under British administration
   Military forts and district boundaries

Added to the original:
Post Retief – Last homestead of Piet Retief, a leader of the emigrant farmers in 1837

   Locations of the 1820 British settler farms in the Albany district
Notes: Most forts remain today as ruins in various degrees of restoration. Fort Peddie is a blockhouse, built after the 1820 agreement that formed the neutral zone. Fort Brown was much enlarged after the sixth frontier war, became a police post in 1873 and was declared a national monument in 1938. Military villages such as Woburn, Auckland, Ely, Juanasberg, Kempt and Fredericksburg were established in the vicinity of the forts. Alice was a Presbyterian missionary centre which grew around Fort Hare's military encampment. Adelaide, a Scottish settlement near the current town, became a transit camp for troops during the War of Mlanjeni. King Williams Town started as a military camp and mission station and became the base from which Sir Harry Smith controlled the tribal areas. The small village Sidbury was established by settler Richard Daniel, c. 1832. The farming districts of Albany and eastern Uitenhage were also collectively known as the 'Zuurveld'. The Kat River Settlement was a homeland for displaced Khoi-khoi where they occupied land tenures for the mission stations.
Date December 2007
Source Self-made. JMK 11:03, 26 December 2007 (UTC) Redrawn from source map last published in 1903. The base map may be John Arrowsmith's 1851 Eastern Frontier of the Colony of the Cape of Good Hope, (and part of Kafirland) From Algoa Bay to the Great Kei River. Arrowsmith's lithograph was redrawn and compiled chiefly from M.S. Surveys & Sketches, communicated by Lt. Col. Mitchell late Survr. Genl. of the Colony and Captn. Wm Owen ...
Author I created the map, based partly on the source map: Eastern frontier of the Colony of the Cape of Good Hope from Algoa Bay to the Great Kei river, which appears opposite page 620 of ‘ The autobiography of Lieutenant-general Sir Harry Smith’ by G.C.B. Bart, Chapter xlviii, published 1903, as part of the online Build a Book initiative.


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