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Claife Station below Claife Heights on the western shore of Windermere in the Lake District of north-west England.
These "stations" were viewpoints where tourists could enjoy the best views of the landscape, being encouraged to appreciated the formal qualities of the landscape and to apply aesthetic values. At some of these stations, buildings were erected to help this process. Claife Station was built in the 1790s. The windows of the drawing room were the Station's most celebrated feature; each had a different aspect, viewed through different coloured glass to enhance variations in weather and seasons. The tinted glass in these windows was intended to recreate lighting effects in the landscape. Yellow represented summer, orange was for autumn, light green for spring, and light blue for winter. There was also a dark blue for moonlight and a lilac tint to give the impression of a thunderstorm.
Tourists were encouraged furthermore to look at the views through a Claude-glass, a mirror which framed the landscape and allowed it to be more picturesque, literally more like a picture. This picturesque way of viewing the landscape was further popularised by books by the Reverend William Gilpin including Observations, relative chiefly to Picturesque Beauty, made in the year 1772, on several parts of England; particularly the Mountains, and Lakes of Cumberland and Westmorland published in 1786, and Three Essays on Picturesque Beauty; on Picturesque Travel; and on Sketching Landscape ( 1792).
Photograph by Stephen Dawson, 28 July 2003.
|This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license.|
CC-BY-SA-2.0 Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 true
|20:39, 13 March 2005||en:User:DavidArthur||(dab Windermere)|
|11:46, 10 February 2005||en:User:StephenDawson|
|11:43, 10 February 2005||en:User:StephenDawson||(Claife Station on the western shore of Windermere below Claife Heights)|
|Camera model||FinePix S602 ZOOM|
|Exposure time||1/220 sec (0.0045454545454545)|
|ISO speed rating||400|
|Date and time of data generation||12:53, 28 July 2003|
|Lens focal length||10.6 mm|
|Horizontal resolution||72 dpi|
|Vertical resolution||72 dpi|
|Software used||Adobe Photoshop 7.0|
|File change date and time||11:48, 3 August 2003|
|Y and C positioning||Co-sited|
|Exposure Program||Aperture priority|
|Date and time of digitizing||12:53, 28 July 2003|
|Image compression mode||3.2|
|Maximum land aperture||3 APEX (f/2.83)|
|Flash||Flash did not fire, compulsory flash suppression|
|Focal plane X resolution||2,678|
|Focal plane Y resolution||2,674|
|Focal plane resolution unit||3|
|Sensing method||One-chip colour area sensor|
|Exposure mode||Auto exposure|
|White balance||Manual white balance|
|Scene capture type||Standard|
|Subject distance range||Unknown|
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