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File:Claife Station.jpg

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Claife Station below Claife Heights on the western shore of Windermere in the Lake District of north-west England.

These "stations" were viewpoints where tourists could enjoy the best views of the landscape, being encouraged to appreciated the formal qualities of the landscape and to apply aesthetic values. At some of these stations, buildings were erected to help this process. Claife Station was built in the 1790s. The windows of the drawing room were the Station's most celebrated feature; each had a different aspect, viewed through different coloured glass to enhance variations in weather and seasons. The tinted glass in these windows was intended to recreate lighting effects in the landscape. Yellow represented summer, orange was for autumn, light green for spring, and light blue for winter. There was also a dark blue for moonlight and a lilac tint to give the impression of a thunderstorm.

Tourists were encouraged furthermore to look at the views through a Claude-glass, a mirror which framed the landscape and allowed it to be more picturesque, literally more like a picture. This picturesque way of viewing the landscape was further popularised by books by the Reverend William Gilpin including Observations, relative chiefly to Picturesque Beauty, made in the year 1772, on several parts of England; particularly the Mountains, and Lakes of Cumberland and Westmorland published in 1786, and Three Essays on Picturesque Beauty; on Picturesque Travel; and on Sketching Landscape ( 1792).

Photograph by Stephen Dawson, 28 July 2003.

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date/time username edit summary
20:39, 13 March 2005 en:User:DavidArthur (dab Windermere)
11:46, 10 February 2005 en:User:StephenDawson
11:43, 10 February 2005 en:User:StephenDawson (Claife Station on the western shore of Windermere below Claife Heights)
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