Checked content

File:Deficits vs. Debt Increases - 2009.png

English: U.S. Total Budget Deficits vs. Debt Increases

Description & Source Data

  • Reported budget deficit data is from: and
  • Reported debt change data is calculated from:
  • On-budget vs. off-budget data is from: ; see page 370 (Table 23-1).
  • 2009 deficit is in the CBO Monthly Budget Review for October 2009:

This chart shows how the reported budget deficit often quoted in the press is increasingly not reflective of government spending in excess of tax receipts, which is indicated by debt increases. There are two primary categories of differences: thumb|Comparison of Deficits to Change in Debt 2008

  • "Off-budget" amounts: There are certain categories of receipts and disbursements which are included in the budget process, but are (counter-intuitively) called "off-budget." The primary item is Social Security. During 2007, the "Off-budget" surplus was $183 billion, which lowered the "On-budget" deficit of $638 billion to the "Total Deficit" of $455 billion. This total deficit figure is the amount often reported in the press; such amounts are illustrated by the blue bars in the chart.
  • Supplemental appropriations: These amounts are authorized for payment via legislation outside the annual budget process. Examples are the costs of the Iraq & Afghanistan Wars (about $750 billion total since 2001), the Economic Stimulus Act of 2008 (about $170 billion), and earmarks (about $20-$50 billion per year).
Since the debt went up about $1017 billion during 2008, that means $379 billion (1017-638=379) were non-budgeted expenses or outside the annual budget process.
Date October 17, 2009
(17 October 2009 (original upload date))
Source Transferred from en.wikipedia; transferred to Commons by User:Sreejithk2000 using CommonsHelper.
(Original text : I ( Farcaster ( talk) 17:59, 17 October 2009 (UTC)) created this work entirely by myself.)
Author Farcaster ( talk) 17:59, 17 October 2009 (UTC). Original uploader was Farcaster at en.wikipedia
( Reusing this file)

CC-BY-SA-3.0; Released under the GNU Free Documentation License.


Converted to SVG.svg This graph image could be recreated using vector graphics as an SVG file. This has several advantages; see Commons:Media for cleanup for more information. If an SVG form of this image is already available, please upload it. After uploading an SVG, replace this template with {{ vector version available|new image name.svg}}.


Farcaster at en.wikipedia, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publishes it under the following licenses:
w:en:Creative Commons
attribution share alike
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
Attribution: Farcaster at en.wikipedia
You are free:
  • to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work
  • to remix – to adapt the work
Under the following conditions:
  • attribution – You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work).
  • share alike – If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar license to this one.

GNU head Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled GNU Free Documentation License.

You may select the license of your choice.
The following pages on Schools Wikipedia link to this image (list may be incomplete):

Did you know...?

Through Schools Wikipedia, SOS Children has brought learning to children around the world. SOS Children's Villages is an international children's charity, providing a good home and loving family to thousands of children who have lost their parents. We also work with communities to help vulnerable families stay together and raise children in the best possible environment. We have helped children in Africa for many years - you can help too...