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English: Phylogenetic Tree of the SIV and HIV viruses.
  • Viruses Depicted in HIV-SIV Phylogenetic Tree
  • Human
    HIV-1 M (Main) group, including reference strains from subtypes A-J. Group M is responsible for the pandemic.
    HIV-1 O (Outlier) group, most commonly found in West Africa
    HIV-1 N (Not-M, Not-O) group, found in a very small number of individuals in West Africa
    HIV-1 M group reference strains: A_UG.U455, A_KE.Q2317, B_US.JRFL, B_US.WEAU160, C_ET.ETH2220, C_IN.21068, D_ZR.NDK, D_ZR.ELI, F_FI.FIN6393, F_BE.VI850, G_SE.SE6165, G_BE.DRCBL, H_CF.90CF056, H_BE.VI997, J_SE.SE91733, J_SE.SE92809, and CRF01 AE_CF.90CF402 and AE_TH.CM240, which are subtype A in pol.
    HIV-1 N group: N_CM.YBF30
    HIV-1 O group: O_CM.ANT70, O_CM.MVP5180
    HIV-2 subtypes A and B: H2A_DE.BEN, H2A_SN.ST, H2B_GH.D205, and H2B_CI.EHO
  • Simian
    SIVcpz from chimpanzee Pan troglodytes troglodytes (P.t.t.):
    SIVcpz.GAB, SIVcpz.US, and SIVcpz.Cam3
    SIVcpz from chimpanzee Pan troglodytes shweinfuthii (P.t.s.): SIVcpz.ANT
    SIV African Green Monkey (SIVagm):
    Tantalus (TAN): SIVagm.TAN1
    Vervet (VER): SIVagm.VERTYO, SIVagm.VERAGM3, SIVagm.VER9063, SIVagm.VER155
    Grivet (GRI): SIVagm.GRI677
    Sabaeus (SAB): SIVagm.SAB1C
    SIV Sooty Mangaby (SIVsm) (also found in captive macaques): SIVsm.mac251, SIVsm.smm9
    SIV L’hoest: SIV.LHOEST
    SIV Mandrill: SIV.MNDGB1
    SIV Sun: SIV.SUN
Date January 1999
Source Theoretical Biology and Biophysics Group, Los Alamos National Laboratory.
Author Kuiken, C., Foley, B., Hahn, B., Marx, P., McCutchan, F., Mellors, J. W., Mullins, J., Wolinsky, S. & Korber, B. (1999). A compilation and analysis of nucleic acid and amino acid sequences. In Human Retroviruses and AIDS. Los Alamos, New Mexico: Theoretical Biology and Biophysics Group, Los Alamos National Laboratory.
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