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Deutsch: Abschluss des Nichtangriffspaktes am 24. August 1939. Von links nach rechts: Hintergrund: Richard Schulze-Kossens (Ribbentrops Adjutant), Boris Schaposchnikow (Generalstabschef der Roten Armee), Joachim von Ribbentrop, Josef Stalin, Vladimir Pavlov (sowjetischer Übersetzer); Vordergrund: Gustav Hilger (deutscher Übersetzer) und Wjatscheslaw Molotow
English: Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov signs the German-Soviet non-aggression pact in Moscow, August 23, 1939; behind him are Richard Schulze-Kossens (Ribbentrop's adjutant), Boris Shaposhnikov (Generalstabschef der Roten Armee), Joachim von Ribbentrop, Joseph Stalin, Vladimir Pavlov (Soviet translator). Gustav Hilger, a German translator, stands next to Molotov.
  • Date: August 23, 1939
  • Source: National Archives & Records Administration,
  • ARC identifier: 540196
  • Access restrictions: Unrestricted
  • Use restrictions: Unrestricted
  • NARA note: After the von Ribbentrop albums (series 242-JRA and JRB) were seized, the US Army copied photographs from them relating to major German diplomatic events. In most cases, therefore, these prints are duplicates of those in series 242-JRA and 242-JRB and should be used in conjunction with these series. One notable exception is the group of photographs showing the signing of the Nazi-Soviet Pact in 1939. The photographs were copied from an album not included in the accession. Box 6, the last box of records includes six packets of original prints and news clippings apparently collected by the US Army. There are copy negatives for only a few of the prints. Total items including dupes - ca. 1600 prints; 127 negatives.

Public domain This work is in the public domain in Russia according to article 6 of Law No. 231-FZ of the Russian Federation of December 18, 2006; the Implementation Act for Book IV of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation.


  1. The author of this work died before January 1, 1943 and did not work during the Great Patriotic War or did not participate in it.
  2. This work was originally published anonymously or under a pseudonym before January 1, 1943 and the name of the author did not become known during 50 years after publication.
  3. Corporate body copyright has expired since the last 70 years from the publication of the work, and if the work was not published, - from the date of its creation. This applied to
    a) non-amateur cinema or television film or television broadcast (or shots of them, including separate frames), which was first shown more than 70 years ago (before January 1, 1943).
    b) radio records (or their fragments), which was first broadcasted more than 70 years ago (before January 1, 1943).
  4. The copyright to this product discontinued, as was part of the escheat of property (Art. 1151 of Civil Code). The product must also be in the public domain in the United States.

Use {{ PD-old-70}} instead of this tag:

  • if author of this work died before June 22, 1941, or
  • if this work was originally published anonymously or under the pseudonym before January 1, 1943 and the name of the author did not become known during 70 years after publication.

Attention! If the author of this work was subjected to repression and rehabilitated posthumously, countdown of copyright protection began not from the death date, but from the rehabilitation date. If the work was first published posthumously, the copyright term is counted from the date of that first publication, unless the author was later rehabilitated, in which case it runs again from that later rehabilitation date.

  • Full Text of Law No. 231-FZ (in Russian)
  • Full Text of Fourth Part of Civil Code (in Russian)

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NARA Logo created 2010.svg This media is available in the holdings of the National Archives and Records Administration, cataloged under the ARC Identifier (National Archives Identifier) 540196.

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