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English: This painting showing Lord en:Parasurama, an avatar of Lord Vishnu asking Lord en:Varuna, God of the waters to recede to make land known as Kerala from Kanyakumari to Gokarna for the Brahmins. A number of myths and legends persist concerning the origin of Kerala. One such myth is the creation of Kerala by Parasurama, a warrior sage. The Brahminical myth proclaims that Parasurama, an avatar of Mahavishnu, threw his battle axe into the sea. As a result, the land of Kerala arose and was reclaimed from the waters.Parasurama was the incarnation of Maha Vishnu. He was the sixth of the ten avatars (incarnation) of Vishnu. The word Parasu means 'axe' in Sanskrit and therefore the name Parasurama means 'Ram with Axe'. The aim of his birth was to deliver the world from the arrogant oppression of the ruling caste, the Kshatriyas. He killed all the male Kshatriyas on earth and filled five lakes with their blood. After destroying the Kshatriya kings, he approached assembly of learned men to find a way of penitence for his sins. He was advised that, to save his soul from damnation, he must hand over the lands he had conquered to the Brahmins. He did as they advised and sat in meditation at Gokarna. There, Varuna -the God of the Oceans and Bhumidevi - Goddess of Earth blessed him. From Gokarna he reached Kanyakumari and threw his axe northward across the ocean. The place where the axe landed was Kerala. It was 160 katam (an old measure) of land lying between Gokarna and Kanyakumari. Puranas say that it was Parasuram who planted the 64 Brahmin families in Kerala, whom he brought down from the north in order to expiate his slaughter of the Kshatriyas. According to the puranas, Kerala is also known as Parasurama Kshetram, ie., 'The Land of Parasurama', as the land was reclaimed from sea by him.
|Date||21 October 2007 (original upload date)|
|Source||Transferred from en.wikipedia; transferred to Commons by User:Roland zh using CommonsHelper.|
|Author||Original uploader was Drshenoy at en.wikipedia|
( Reusing this file)
Licensed under the GFDL by the author; GFDL-SELF-NO-DISCLAIMERS; Released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
|Image title||OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA|
|Camera manufacturer||OLYMPUS IMAGING CORP.|
|Exposure time||1/100 sec (0.01)|
|ISO speed rating||250|
|Date and time of data generation||04:41, 22 October 2007|
|Lens focal length||19.5 mm|
|Horizontal resolution||314 dpi|
|Vertical resolution||314 dpi|
|Software used||Corel Photo Album 6|
|File change date and time||22:24, 21 October 2007|
|Y and C positioning||Co-sited|
|Exposure Program||Creative program (biased toward depth of field)|
|Date and time of digitizing||04:41, 22 October 2007|
|Maximum land aperture||3.53 APEX (f/3.4)|
|Flash||Flash fired, auto mode|
|Custom image processing||Normal process|
|Exposure mode||Auto exposure|
|White balance||Auto white balance|
|Digital zoom ratio||1|
|Scene capture type||Standard|
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