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English: Portrait shows Florence Thompson with several of her children in a photograph known as "Migrant Mother". The Library of Congress caption reads: "Destitute pea pickers in California. Mother of seven children. Age thirty-two. Nipomo, California." In the 1930s, the FSA employed several photographers to document the effects of the Great Depression on the population of America. Many of the photographs can also be seen as propaganda images to support the U.S. government's policy distributing support to the worst affected, poorer areas of the country. Lange's image of a supposed migrant pea picker, Florence Owens Thompson, and her family has become an icon of resilience in the face of adversity. However, it is not universally accepted that Florence Thompson was a migrant pea picker. In the book Photographing Farmworkers in California (Stanford University Press, 2004), author Richard Steven Street asserts that some scholars believe Lange's description of the print was "either vague or demonstrably inaccurate" and that Thompson was not a farmworker, but a Dust Bowl migrant. Nevertheless, if she was a "Dust Bowl migrant", she would have left a farm as most potential Dust Bowl migrants typically did and then began her life as such. Thus any potential inaccuracy is virtually irrelevant. The child to the viewer's right was Thompson's daughter, Katherine (later Katherine McIntosh), 4 years old (Leonard, Tom, "Woman whose plight defined Great Depression warns tragedy will happen again ", article, The Daily Telegraph, December 4, 2008) Lange took this photograph with a Graflex camera on large format (4"x5") negative film.
Madre migrante, foto de Dorothea Lange, muestra a los desposeídos cosechadores de California, centrándose en Florence Owens Thompson, de 32 años, madre de 7 hijos, en Nipomo, California (marzo de 1936).
Français :
Portrait de Florence Owens Thompson avec plusieurs de ses enfants connu sous le titre Migrant Mother ( Mère migrante), et prise par Dorothea Lange en Californie (États-Unis), en 1936. La légende originale était "Ramasseurs de pois ruinés en Californie. Mère de sept enfants, agée de 32 ans." Selon des études ultérieures cette femme n'était pas ramasseuse de pois, mais une fermière fuyant le Dust Bowl. Elle fait partie d'une série de photographies commandées par la Farm Security Administration pour convaincre le peuple Américain de la nécessité de réformes du New Deal suite à la Grande Dépression de 1929 aux États-Unis
Foto intitolata Migrant Mother, scattata da Dorothea Lange nel 1936 in California, che inquadra Florence Thompson con alcuni dei suoi sette figli, uno dei simboli della depressione economica statunitense negli anni '30.
Migrant Mother, Dorothea Lange, Estados Unidos, 1936
Семья сборщиков гороха в период кризиса. Фото Доротеи Ланге.
Date February/March 1936
US-LibraryOfCongress-BookLogo.svg This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs division under the digital ID fsa.8b29516.
This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing for more information.

(cropped to removed negative frame, mild retouching to remove worst dust and scratches from scan);
Author Dorothea Lange, Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information / Office of Emergency Management / Resettlement Administration

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This file was a finalist in Picture of the Year 2008.
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Picture of the day

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English: Destitute pea pickers in California, mother of seven children, age thirty-two, in the 1930s.
Picture of week on Malay Wikipedia
Deutsch: Dieses Bild war 2010 in der 1. Kalenderwoche das Bild der Woche in der Maleisischen Wikipedia
English: This image was selected as a picture of the week on the Malay Wikipedia for the 1st week, 2010.
Македонски: Оваа слика е избрана за слика на неделата на малезиската Википедија за I недела од 2010 година.
മലയാളം: മലയ് വിക്കിപീഡിയയിൽ ഈ ചിത്രം ഈ ആഴ്ചയിലെ ചിത്രമായി 2010-ലെ വാരം 1-ൽ തിരഞ്ഞെടുത്തിട്ടുണ്ട്.
Bahasa Melayu: Imej ini merupakan gambar pilihan mingguan di Wikipedia Bahasa Melayu untuk minggu ke-1, 2010.
Français : Cette image est sélectionnée en tant qu' image de la semaine sur la Wikipédia Malaisienne pour la 1ème semaine de 2010.
Nederlands: Deze afbeelding is gekozen als afbeelding van de week op de Maleisische Wikipedia voor week 1 van 2010.
Русский: Эта иллюстрация была выбрана изображением недели в малайском разделе «Википедии» для недели номер 1 2010 года.
Svenska: Denna bild är utvald till veckans bild Wikipedia på malajiska, vecka 1, 2010.
Picture of the week on the Malay Wikipedia
Public domain This image is a work of an employee of the United States Farm Security Administration or Office of War Information domestic photographic units, taken as part of that person's official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is in the public domain. See Copyright. US-FarmSecurityAdministration-Logo.svg


  1. United States Government. Dorothea Lange's "Migrant Mother": Photographs in the Farm Security Administration Collection: An Overview. Prints and Photographs Reading Room. Library of Congress, United States Goverment.
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