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File:Baghdad old Abbasid Minaret.jpg


العربية: منارة جامع الخلفاء في سوق الغزل في بغداد في بلاد ما بين النهرين و هي أقدم منارة تعود للحقبة العباسية في بغداد لزمن الخليفة المكتفي. المسجد دمر خلال غزو المغول بقيادة هولاكو عام 1258م لكن المسجد أعاد بناءه أبغه ابن هولاكو و هذه المنارة هي ما تبقى من المسجد الذي بناه ابن هولاكو 1264-1281. الصورة أخها مصور ألماني عام 1911م.
English: 1911, of Suq al-Ghazal (The Yarn Bazaar) Minaret in Baghdad-Mesopotamia. This is the oldest minaret in Baghdad. It belonged to the Caliph Mosque built by Caliph Muktafi 901-907 A.D. The mosque was destroyed by Hulagu in 1258 A.D. during the sack of the city of the Caliphs. The current minaret was built by Hulagu's son Abagha [1264-1281 A.D.]
Date 1911
Author Unnamed German photographer


Public domain This work was first published in Iraq and is now in the public domain because its copyright protection has expired by virtue of the Law No. 3 of 1971 on Copyright, amended 2004 by Order No. 83, Amendment to the Copyright Law. The work meets one of the following criteria:
  • It is an anonymous work or pseudonymous work and 50 years have passed since the year of its publication
  • It is a work where the copyright holder is a legal entity or a work of applied art 50 years have passed since the year of its publication
  • It is a photographic or cinematic work that is not compositive (artistic in nature) first published before 1 January 1999
  • It is work published in Iraq before 1 January 1954, and the author died before 1 January 1979
  • It is another kind of work, and 50 years have passed since the year of death of the author (or last-surviving author)
  • It is one of "collections of official documents, such as texts of international laws, regulations and agreements, judicial judgements and various official documents."

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Copyright notes

Copyright notes

Per U.S. Circ. 38a., the following countries are not a participant in the Berne Convention or any other treaty on copyright with the United States:

  • Afghanistan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iran, Iraq, Kiribati, Nauru, Palau, San Marino, São Tomé and Príncipe, the Seychelles, Somalia, Turkmenistan and Tuvalu.

As such, works published by citizens of these countries in these countries are usually not subject to copyright protection outside of these countries. Hence, such works may be in the public domain in most other countries worldwide.

  • Works published in these countries by citizens or permanent residents of other countries that are signatories to the Berne Convention or any other treaty on copyright will still be protected in their home country and internationally as well as locally by local copyright law.
  • Similarly, works published outside of these countries within 30 days of publication within these countries will also usually be subject to protection in the foreign country of publication. When works are subject to copyright outside of these countries, the term of such copyright protection may exceed the term of copyright inside them.
  • Unpublished works from these countries may be fully copyrighted.

Iraq has enacted Law No. 3 of 1971 on Copyright (Arabic) which came into force on 21 January 1971. Iraq has enacted Regulation No. 10 of 1985 on the National Committee for the Protection of Copyright (Arabic) which came into force on 2 September 1985. Iraq has enacted Order No. 83, Amendment to the Copyright Law (Arabic) ( Unofficial English (WIPO) translation) which came into force on 1 May 2004.
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