Checked content

File:Babur and his army saluting the standards.jpg


English: Painting depicting an epic ceremonial event from the Baburnameh. Babur and his army salute the standards to the right of the image, while to the left stand the yak-tail standards fermented with mare's milk (kumis). Members of the royal military band, mounted on camels, blow trumpets and beat large kettle drums at the upper right. Two isolated boxes of text appear on the left, each with two lines of text. Painted in opaque watercolour and ink on paper.

This right hand page of a double page composition portrays the first Mughal emperor, Babur, performing a ceremony inherited from the Mongols. Annually the Mughal emperor sprinkled kumis, fermented mare's milk, on the yak tails of the standards.

The Mughal emperor Baur followed the annual Mongol custom of anointing yak-tail standards with fermented mare's milk (kumis) in the presence of his army.

Members of the royal military band (naqqara-khaneh) blow trumpets and beat large kettle drums at the upper right. The musicians are mounted on camels,so that they will sit higher than the army and be heard. Called naqqara, the drums were made of metal covered with skin held in place by laces.

This illustration is the right page of a double page composition from the 'Victoria and Albert' Baburnama of which three pages are included in Princes, Poets, & Paladins (cat. nos. 82-4).
Date circa 1589
Author Mughal Style


This is a faithful photographic reproduction of an original two-dimensional work of art. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason:
Public domain This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired.

This applies to Australia, the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years.

Dialog-warning.svg You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that a few countries have copyright terms longer than 70 years: Mexico has 100 years, Colombia has 80 years, and Guatemala and Samoa have 75 years, Russia has 74 years for some authors. This image may not be in the public domain in these countries, which moreover do not implement the rule of the shorter term. Côte d'Ivoire has a general copyright term of 99 years and Honduras has 75 years, but they do implement the rule of the shorter term.

This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.

The official position taken by the Wikimedia Foundation is that "faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain, and that claims to the contrary represent an assault on the very concept of a public domain". For details, see Commons:When to use the PD-Art tag.
This photographic reproduction is therefore also considered to be in the public domain.

Please be aware that depending on local laws, re-use of this content may be prohibited or restricted in your jurisdiction. See Commons:Reuse of PD-Art photographs.
{{ PD-Art}} template without parameter: please specify why the underlying work is public domain in both the source country and the United States
(Usage: {{PD-Art|1=|deathyear=|country=|date=}}, where parameter #1 can be PD-old-auto, PD-old-auto-1923, PD-old-100 or similar)
The following pages on Schools Wikipedia link to this image (list may be incomplete):

Find out more

This selection has made Wikipedia available to all children. SOS Children helps more than 2 million people across 133 countries around the world. We have helped children in Africa for many years - you can help too...