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Public domain This work is in the public domain in Russia according to article 6 of Law No. 231-FZ of the Russian Federation of December 18, 2006; the Implementation Act for Book IV of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation.


  1. The author of this work died before January 1, 1943 and did not work during the Great Patriotic War or did not participate in it.
  2. This work was originally published anonymously or under a pseudonym before January 1, 1943 and the name of the author did not become known during 50 years after publication.
  3. Corporate body copyright has expired since the last 70 years from the publication of the work, and if the work was not published, - from the date of its creation. This applied to
    a) non-amateur cinema or television film or television broadcast (or shots of them, including separate frames), which was first shown more than 70 years ago (before January 1, 1943).
    b) radio records (or their fragments), which was first broadcasted more than 70 years ago (before January 1, 1943).
  4. The copyright to this product discontinued, as was part of the escheat of property (Art. 1151 of Civil Code). The product must also be in the public domain in the United States.

Use {{ PD-old-70}} instead of this tag:

  • if author of this work died before June 22, 1941, or
  • if this work was originally published anonymously or under the pseudonym before January 1, 1943 and the name of the author did not become known during 70 years after publication.

Attention! If the author of this work was subjected to repression and rehabilitated posthumously, countdown of copyright protection began not from the death date, but from the rehabilitation date. If the work was first published posthumously, the copyright term is counted from the date of that first publication, unless the author was later rehabilitated, in which case it runs again from that later rehabilitation date.

  • Full Text of Law No. 231-FZ (in Russian)
  • Full Text of Fourth Part of Civil Code (in Russian)

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Public domain This work is not an object of copyright according to Part IV of Civil Code No. 230-FZ of the Russian Federation of December 18, 2006.

Article 1259. Objects of Copyright

Paragraph 5

Copyright shall not apply to ideas, concepts, principles, methods, processes, systems, means, solutions of technical, organizational and other problems, discoveries, facts, programming languages.

Paragraph 6

Shall not be objects of copyright:
  • official documents of state government agencies and local government agencies of municipal formations, including laws, other legal texts, judicial decisions, other materials of legislative, administrative and judicial character, official documents of international organizations, as well as their official translations;
  • state symbols and signs (flags, emblems, orders, banknotes, and the like), as well as symbols and signs of municipal formations;
  • works of folk art (folklore), which don't have specific authors;
  • news reports on events and facts, which have a purely informational character (daily news reports, television programs, transportation schedules, and the like).

Full text of the Code: in Russian in English.

Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation.svg

Comment – According to interstate and international compacts, the Russian Federation is the legal successor of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; therefore, this license tag is also applicable to official symbols and formal documents of the Russian SFSR and the USSR (union level).

Warning – This license tag cannot be applied to proposed official symbols and drafts of formal documents, which can be copyrighted.

  1. The union level means that use of official symbols and the formal documents of 14 other Soviet Republics is the subject of law of their legal successor. See respective license tags.

Soviet World War 2 poster. Source -

Translation: Who came to us with the sword, will be killed by sword. 1942 comparison to the 1242 battle of Lake Peipus against the Teutonic Knights

The following pages on Schools Wikipedia link to this image (list may be incomplete):


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