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File:Rotating spherical harmonics.gif

Rotating_spherical_harmonics.gif(134 × 134 pixels, file size: 161 KB, MIME type: image/gif, looped, 50 frames)

source=Own work? author= User:Cyp?

English: Rotating spherical harmonics, l=0 to 4 vertical, m=0 to ±4 horizontal
Deutsch: Veranschaulichung einiger Kugelflächenfunktionen (um die z-Achse rotierend). Dargestellt ist Y_{l,m}, wobei l der Zeile und m der Spalte entspricht. Zeilen und Spalten werden jeweils bei null beginnend durchnummeriert
( Reusing this file)
GNU head Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled GNU Free Documentation License.

w:en:Creative Commons
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This licensing tag was added to this file as part of the GFDL licensing update.

The somewhat scary source...:

//GPL (as if anyone would want this anyway...)
#define PI 3.14159265358979323846264338327950288
double cfac(int l, int m, double z) {
  int x;
  int i;
  double r, s, t;
  for(x=2;x<=l-i;++x) r-=   log(x);
 if(l-m<i) {
/*for(   ;x<=l-m;++x) r+= 0*log(x);*/ x=l-m+1;
  for(   ;x<=i  ;++x) r-=.5*log(x);
 } else {
/*for(   ;x<=i  ;++x) r-= 0*log(x);*/ x=i+1;
  for(   ;x<=l-m;++x) r+=   log(x);
  for(   ;x<=l+m;++x) r+=.5*log(x);
  for(   ;x<=2*i;++x) r+=   log(x);
  if(m) r+=.5*log(2);
  for(i=((l+m+1)>>1)+1;i<=l;++i) t+=r*=s*(2*i-1)*(2*i)*(l-i+1)/((double)(2*i-l-m-1)*(2*i-l-m)*i);
double cval(int m, double x, double y) {
  int i;
  _Complex double d=x+1i*y, r;
  for(r=1;m;m>>=1,d*=d) if(m&1) r*=d;
  return(__real__ r);
void rend(unsigned char *c, int sx, int sy, int pit, int l, int m, double ang) {
  int a, b;
  double x, y, z, sa, ca, f, t, r;
  sa=sin(ang); ca=cos(ang);
  for(b=0;b<sy;++b) {
    for(a=0;a<sx;++a) {
      if(t<0) t=1e99; else {
    f=cfac(l, m, z);
        t=cval(m, x, y)*f;//printf("a%lf, %lf, %lf, %lf\n", t, x, y, z);
      r=128+t*512; if(r<0) r=0; else if(r>255) r=255; c[a*3+b*pit  ]=(int)r|31;
      r=128+t*256; if(r<0) r=0; else if(r>255) r=255; c[a*3+b*pit+1]=(int)r|15;
      r=128+t*128; if(r<0) r=0; else if(r>255) r=255; c[a*3+b*pit+2]=(int)r|7;
unsigned char pic[256*256*3];
int main(void) {
  FILE *f;
  char fn[100];
  int a, l, m;
  for(a=0;a<256*256*3;++a) pic[a]=255;
  for(a=0;a<100;++a) {
    for(l=0;l<=4;++l) for(m=0;m<=l;++m) rend(pic+m*27*3+l*27*134*3, 26, 26, 134*3, l, m, PI*2/100*a);
//    for(l=0;l<=4;++l) for(m=0;m<=l;++m) rend(pic+m*51*3+l*51*256*3, 50, 50, 256*3, l, m, PI*2/100*a);
//    rend(pic+4*51*3+0*51*256*3, 50, 50, 256*3, 47, 1, PI*2/100*a);
//    rend(pic+4*51*3+0*51*256*3, 50, 50, 256*3, 47, 11, PI*2/100*a);
//    rend(pic, 256, 256, 256*3, 5, 2, PI*2/100*a);
    sprintf(fn, "sph%04d.ppm", a);
    f=fopen(fn, "wb");
    fprintf(f, "P6\n%d %d\n255\n", 134, 134);
    fwrite(pic, 134*134*3, 1, f);
/*  int l, m, i;
  double r;
  for(l=0;l<=7;++l) for(m=0;m<=l;++m) {
    printf("%d,%d: %lf", l, m, r=cfac(l, m));
    for(i=((l+m+1)>>1)+1;i<=l;++i) printf(", %lf", r*=(double)(2*i-1)*(2*i)*(l-i+1)/((double)(2*i-l-m-1)*(2*i-l-m)*i));
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